Émilie du Châtelet facts for kids

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Émilie du Châtelet
Emilie Chatelet portrait by Latour.jpg
Portrait by Maurice Quentin de La Tour
Born (1706-12-17)17 December 1706
Died 10 September 1749(1749-09-10) (aged 42)
Lunéville, Kingdom of France
Nationality French
Known for Translation of Newton's Principia into French, natural philosophy which combines Newtonian physics with Leibnizian metaphysics, and advocacy of Newtonian physics
Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet-Lomont (m. 1725)
Partner(s) Voltaire (1733–1749)
  • Françoise Gabriel Pauline
  • Louis Marie Florent
  • Victor-Esprit
  • Stanislas-Adélaïde du Châtelet
Scientific career
Fields Natural philosophy
Influences Isaac Newton, Gottfried Leibniz, Willem 's Gravesande
Signature Only Emilie Du Chatelet RGNb10349352.01.tif

Émilie du Châtelet was a French physicist. She was born on December 17, 1706, in Paris, France. Du Châtelet was born into an aristocratic family. She received an excellent education. Du Châtelet learned science, literature, and music. She married Marquis du Châtelet. He lived away from Paris because he had a military and political career. They had three children. Du Châtelet took private lessons in math from Pierre-Louis Moreau.

Du Châtelet had a 15-year affair with Francois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire. Voltaire recognized her talents. Du Châtelet helped Voltaire write his book, Elements of Newton’s Philosophy. She had an unwanted child with Jean-François de Saint-Lambert when she was 42. She translated Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton into French while she was pregnant. She died from an infection six days after giving birth to her daughter. It was 1749.

Du Châtelet’s translation of Principia Mathematica is still used today. She knew that her work was not appreciated during her time. Years after she died, she was recognized as a role model for girls and women. Du Châtelet is still celebrated around the world for her work in Newtonian studies and mathematics.

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