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13th century facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century · 13th century · 14th century
Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s 1230s 1240s
1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

Genghis Khan empire-en
Mongol Empire in 1227 at Genghis Khan's death
Ibn al-nafis page
The opening page of one of Ibn al-Nafis' medical works. This is probably a copy made in India during the 17th or 18th century.

The 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 (MCCI) through December 31, 1300 (MCCC) in accordance with the Julian calendar. The term is almost synonymous with "the 1200s", the century between January 1, 1200, and December 31, 1299.

The Mongol empire was founded by Genghis Khan, which stretched from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe. The conquests of Hulagu Khan and other Mongol invasions changed the course of the Muslim world, most notably the siege of Baghdad (1258), the destruction of the House of Wisdom and the weakening of the Mamluks and Rums which, according to historians, caused the decline of the Islamic Golden Age. Other Muslim powers such as the Mali Empire and Delhi Sultanate conquered large parts of West Africa and the Indian subcontinent, while Buddhism witnessed a decline through the conquest led by Bakhtiyar Khilji.

In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. In North America, according to some population estimates, the population of Cahokia grew to being equal to or larger than the population of 13th-century London.

In Peru, the Kingdom of Cuzco begins. The Kanem Empire in what is now Chad reaches its apex.

The Solomonic dynasty in Ethiopia and the Zimbabwe Kingdom are founded. In the history of Maya civilizations, the 13th century marks the beginning of the Late Postclassic period. In the periodization of Precolumbian Peru, the 13th century is part of the Late Intermediate Period.

Decades and years

Note: years before or after the 13th century are in italics.

1190s 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199
1200s 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209
1210s 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219
1220s 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229
1230s 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239
1240s 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249
1250s 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259
1260s 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269
1270s 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279
1280s 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289
1290s 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299
1300s 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309

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