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14th century facts for kids

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 13th century · 14th century · 15th century
Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s
1350s 1360s 1370s 1380s 1390s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

Catalan Atlas BNF Sheet 6 Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa I of Mali, described as the wealthiest individual in history

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from 1 January 1301 (MCCCI), to 31 December 1400 (MCD). It is estimated that the century witnessed the death of more than 45 million lives from political and natural disasters in both Europe and the Mongol Empire. West Africa and the Indian Subcontinent experienced economic growth and prosperity.

In Europe, the Black Death claimed 25 million lives – wiping out one third of the European population – while the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France fought in the protracted Hundred Years' War after the death of Charles IV, King of France led to a claim to the French throne by Edward III, King of England. This period is considered the height of chivalry and marks the beginning of strong separate identities for both England and France as well as the foundation of the Italian Renaissance and Ottoman Empire.

In Asia, Tamerlane (Timur), established the Timurid Empire, history's third largest empire to have been ever established by a single conqueror. Scholars estimate that Timur's military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population at the time. Synchronously, the Timurid Renaissance emerged. In the Arab world, historian and political scientist Ibn Khaldun and explorer Ibn Battuta made significant contributions. In India, the Bengal Sultanate got divided from the Delhi Sultanate, a major trading nation in the world. The sultanate was described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with. The Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed, the Chaghatayid dissolved and broke into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as a great power in Eastern Europe.

In Africa, the wealthy Mali Empire, a global leader of gold production, reached its territorial and economic height under the reign of Mansa Musa I of Mali, the wealthiest individual of the medieval times, and according to various sources as history's ever.

Decades and years

Note: years before or after the 14th century are in italics.

1290s 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299
1300s 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309
1310s 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319
1320s 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329
1330s 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339
1340s 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349
1350s 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359
1360s 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369
1370s 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379
1380s 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389
1390s 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399
1400s 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409

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14th century Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.