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Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri facts for kids

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Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari
حفیظ جالندھری
Born (1900-01-14)14 January 1900
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died 21 December 1982(1982-12-21) (aged 82) at age 82
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Pen name Abu Al-Asar
Occupation Urdu poet
Nationality Pakistani
Citizenship Pakistani
Genre Ghazal and Nazm
Subject Pakistani Nationalism
Literary movement Pakistan Movement
Notable works Lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan
Hymn of Kashmir
Notable awards Pride of Performance in 1958
Spouse Zeenat Begum
Khurshid Begum
Relatives Shams-ud-Din (father)

Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri (14 January 1900 – 1982) was born in Jullundher, Punjab, India. After the partition of India in 1947 he moved to Lahore. He wrote the words for the national anthem of Pakistan. He also wrote the words for an anthem for Kashmir, as well as patriotic songs during the war against India in 1965.

He studied in a mosque and then in a local school to 7th grade. He then did a lot of things to further educate himself. The great Persian poet, Maulana Ghulam Qadir Bilgrami, gave him advice on writing poetry. Hafeez worked hard to earn a reputation as a poet. One of Hafeez's most famous poems is Shahnam-e-Islam, which tells the history of Islam in verse. His poems, written in a blend of Hindi and Urdu, are about romance, religion, patriotism and life. It is known for its gentle rhythm.

Long before Hafeez Jullundhri's lyrics were adopted as the national anthem in 1950s, Pakistan had an anthem written by Jagannath Azad, son of Lahore-based poet Tilok Chand Mahroom. Azad was asked to write the anthem three days before the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

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