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Adrian, Missouri
Purple martin capital of the state of Missouri
Location of Adrian, Missouri
Location of Adrian, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Bates
Incorporated 1880
 • Total 1.75 sq mi (4.53 km2)
 • Land 1.67 sq mi (4.31 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
863 ft (263 m)
 • Total 1,677
 • Estimate 
 • Density 958.58/sq mi (370.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 816
FIPS code 29-00244
GNIS feature ID 0713161

Adrian is a city in northern Bates County, Missouri, U.S. It is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. The population was 1,677 at the 2010 census.


Adrian was platted in 1880 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad was extended to that point. Some say the city was named by settlers who hailed from Adrian, Michigan, while others believe the city was named after Adrian Talmadge, the son of a railroad official. A post office has been in operation at Adrian since 1880.


Adrian is located at 38°23′49″N 94°21′8″W / 38.39694°N 94.35222°W / 38.39694; -94.35222 (38.396857, -94.352328).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.18 square miles (5.65 km2), of which, 2.09 square miles (5.41 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 613
1900 629 2.6%
1910 929 47.7%
1920 955 2.8%
1930 934 −2.2%
1940 868 −7.1%
1950 905 4.3%
1960 1,082 19.6%
1970 1,259 16.4%
1980 1,484 17.9%
1990 1,582 6.6%
2000 1,780 12.5%
2010 1,677 −5.8%
2019 (est.) 1,597 −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,677 people, 685 households, and 430 families living in the city. The population density was 802.4 inhabitants per square mile (309.8/km2). There were 782 housing units at an average density of 374.2 per square mile (144.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 685 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 19.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.


Adrian's Frontier Village is the site of the annual Western Missouri Antique Tractor and Machinery Association Gas and Steam Engine Show, now in its 32nd year.


Adrian public schools are part of the Adrian R-III School District. Schools in the district include Adrian Elementary School, grades PreK through 5fifth, and Adrian Jr./Sr. High School, grades 6 through 12. Don Lile is the Superintendent of Schools.

The school mascot is the Blackhawks. The 2002 Blackhawk football team won Missouri's Class One Championship. In 1984 and 1992, Adrian won the Boys' Missouri Class 1A championship in track and field. The Blackhawks also won the 1994 Girls Class 2A Championship in track and field. In 2016, the varsity girls' basketball finished second in the state.

Notable people

  • John Cowdery, Alaska politician
  • Howard Maple, professional baseball athlete
  • Randy Pike, former Missouri state legislator
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