Alpha, New Jersey facts for kids

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Alpha, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Alpha
George Hunt House
George Hunt House
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated June 26, 1911
Named for Alpha Cement Works
Area
 • Total 1.698 sq mi (4.397 km2)
 • Land 1.672 sq mi (4.329 km2)
 • Water 0.026 sq mi (0.068 km2)  1.54%
Area rank 432nd of 566 in state
21st of 22 in county
Elevation 269 ft (82 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,369
 • Estimate (2015) 2,303
 • Rank 476th of 566 in state
19th of 22 in county
 • Density 1,417.2/sq mi (547.2/km2)
 • Density rank 341st of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08865
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3404101030
GNIS feature ID 885138
Website www.alphaboro.org

Alpha is a borough in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,369, reflecting a decline of 113 (-4.6%) from the 2,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 48 (-1.9%) from the 2,530 counted in the 1990 Census.

Alpha was incorporated as a borough from portions of Pohatcong Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature passed on June 26, 1911, and signed by Governor Woodrow Wilson, based on the results of a referendum held on May 31, 1911. The borough was named for the Alpha Cement Works.

The borough is one of the eastern-most locations within the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.698 square miles (4.397 km2), including 1.672 square miles (4.329 km2) of land and 0.026 square miles (0.068 km2) of water (1.54%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Vulcanite.

The borough is completely surrounded by Pohatcong Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 2,140
1930 2,374 10.9%
1940 2,301 −3.1%
1950 2,117 −8.0%
1960 2,406 13.7%
1970 2,829 17.6%
1980 2,644 −6.5%
1990 2,530 −4.3%
2000 2,482 −1.9%
2010 2,369 −4.6%
Est. 2015 2,303 −7.2%
Population sources:
1920 1920-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

History

Formally known as Vulcanite, Alpha was incorporated on June 26, 1911, but its history can be traced back to a much earlier date. At the time of the Blizzard of 1888, there were only seven houses in what is now the corporate limits of Alpha. The exact date on which the first house in Alpha is a matter of conjecture. One of the first homes in the community was a two-room log cabin constructed by the Pursel family beside an old Indian Trail on the former property of the Vulcanite Portland Cement Company, now New Brunswick Avenue.

Less than two years after incorporating, the community obtained a continuation of the street car line from Phillipsburg and electric street lights were installed.


Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,369 people, 964 households, and 632.4 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,417.2 per square mile (547.2/km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 617.4 per square mile (238.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 93.12% (2,206) White, 2.41% (57) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.52% (36) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (28) from other races, and 1.77% (42) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.28% (125) of the population.

There were 964 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,953 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,724) and the median family income was $73,929 (+/- $6,822). Males had a median income of $49,461 (+/- $3,100) versus $40,859 (+/- $5,262) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,567 (+/- $2,455). About 4.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,482 people, 989 households, and 688 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,462.0 people per square mile (563.7/km2). There were 1,034 housing units at an average density of 609.1 per square mile (234.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.06% White, 0.28% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.64% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.

There were 989 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,209, and the median income for a family was $45,435. Males had a median income of $39,957 versus $26,576 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,104. About 5.5% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 21.40 miles (34.44 km) of roadways, of which 17.38 miles (27.97 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.78 miles (4.47 km) by Warren County and 1.24 miles (2.00 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The main road that goes through is CR 519. Route 122 runs through briefly in the north.

While Interstate 78 passes through the southern portion of the borough, the closest access point is at US 22 in neighboring Pohatcong.

The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through Alpha on its way to Phillipsburg, New Jersey.


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