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Alpha, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Alpha
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey is located in Warren County, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey
Location in Warren County, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey is located in the United States
Alpha, New Jersey
Alpha, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Warren County, New Jersey.gif Warren
Incorporated June 26, 1911
Named for Alpha Cement Works
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 1.72 sq mi (4.44 km2)
 • Land 1.68 sq mi (4.35 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)  2.03%
Area rank 431st of 565 in state
21st of 22 in county
Elevation
269 ft (82 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,369
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,255
 • Rank 476th of 566 in state
19th of 22 in county
 • Density 1,417.2/sq mi (547.2/km2)
 • Density rank 341st of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08865
Area code(s) 908 Exchange: 454
FIPS code 3404101030
GNIS feature ID 885138

Alpha is a borough in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,369, reflecting a decline of 113 (-4.6%) from the 2,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 48 (-1.9%) from the 2,530 counted in the 1990 Census.

Alpha was incorporated as a borough from portions of Pohatcong Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature passed on June 26, 1911, and signed by Governor Woodrow Wilson, based on the results of a referendum held on May 31, 1911. The borough was named for the Alpha Cement Works.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.698 square miles (4.397 km2), including 1.672 square miles (4.329 km2) of land and 0.026 square miles (0.068 km2) of water (1.54%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Vulcanite.

The borough is completely surrounded by Pohatcong Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,140
1930 2,374 10.9%
1940 2,301 −3.1%
1950 2,117 −8.0%
1960 2,406 13.7%
1970 2,829 17.6%
1980 2,644 −6.5%
1990 2,530 −4.3%
2000 2,482 −1.9%
2010 2,369 −4.6%
2019 (est.) 2,255 −4.8%
Population sources:
1920 1920-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,369 people, 964 households, and 632 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,417.2 per square mile (547.2/km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 617.4 per square mile (238.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 93.12% (2,206) White, 2.41% (57) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.52% (36) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (28) from other races, and 1.77% (42) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.28% (125) of the population.

There were 964 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,953 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,724) and the median family income was $73,929 (+/- $6,822). Males had a median income of $49,461 (+/- $3,100) versus $40,859 (+/- $5,262) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,567 (+/- $2,455). About 4.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

2021-06-17 14 54 48 View west along Interstate 78 (Phillipsburg-Newark Expressway) from the overpass for Edge Road in Alpha, Warren County, New Jersey
I-78 westbound through Alpha

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 21.40 miles (34.44 km) of roadways, of which 17.38 miles (27.97 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.78 miles (4.47 km) by Warren County and 1.24 miles (2.00 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.

The main road that goes through is CR 519. Route 122 runs through briefly in the north.

While Interstate 78 passes through the southern portion of the borough, the closest access point is at US 22 in neighboring Pohatcong.

The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through Alpha on its way to Phillipsburg, New Jersey.

Education

Students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade for public school attend the Alpha School District at Alpha School. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 211 students and 24.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.6:1. In the 2016–17 school year, Alpha had the 42nd smallest enrollment of any school district in the state, with 194 students.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Phillipsburg High School in Phillipsburg, which serves students from Alpha as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Phillipsburg School District. The high school also serves students from four other sending communities: Bloomsbury (in Hunterdon County), Greenwich Township, Lopatcong Township and Pohatcong Township. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,650 students and 126.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.0:1.

Students from the borough and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Blairstown (for grades K-8) or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12), with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Alpha, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Alpha include:

  • Joe Buzas (1919-2003), Minor League Baseball executive who played one season with the New York Yankees.
  • Hector A. Cafferata Jr. (1929–2016), United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War.
  • Jack Orchulli (born 1946), politician.
  • Jennie Somogyi (born 1977/78), ballet dancer who joined the New York City Ballet in 1993, at age 15, became a principal dancer in 2000, and retired in 2015.
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