Pohatcong Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Pohatcong Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Pohatcong
Savannah Sparrow near Carpentersville
Savannah Sparrow near Carpentersville
Map of Pohatcong Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Pohatcong Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pohatcong Township, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pohatcong Township, New Jersey.
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated January 1, 1882
Area
 • Total 13.712 sq mi (35.514 km2)
 • Land 13.355 sq mi (34.590 km2)
 • Water 0.357 sq mi (0.924 km2)  2.60%
Area rank 179th of 566 in state
13th of 22 in county
Elevation 253 ft (77 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 3,339
 • Estimate (2015) 3,242
 • Rank 438th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county
 • Density 250.0/sq mi (96.5/km2)
 • Density rank 491st of 566 in state
13th of 22 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08804 - Bloomsbury
08865 - Phillipsburg
Area code 908
FIPS code 34-59820
GNIS feature ID 882254
Website www.pohatcongtwp.org

Pohatcong Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States, located in the easternmost region of the Lehigh Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,339, reflecting a decline of 77 (-2.3%) from the 3,416 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 175 (-4.9%) from the 3,591 counted in the 1990 Census. The name Pohatcong is said to be from the Lenni Lenape Native American term meaning "stream between split hills".

Pohatcong Township was officially established in 1881. On March 24, 1881 Chapter 145 of the Acts of the New Jersey General Assembly was published defining and creating Pohatcong Township. The act to form Pohatcong had been introduced by Assmeblyman William Fritts and, once law, was to take effect January 1 of the following year. Pohatcong was incorporated on January 1, 1882. It was divided off of Greenwich Township. Pohatcong township's name comes from Lenape Native Americans, who called the area "split hills stream outlet". The industrialized center of the township was separated to form Alpha borough, on April 27, 1911.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.712 square miles (35.514 km2), including 13.355 square miles (34.590 km2) of land and 0.357 square miles (0.924 km2) of water (2.60%).

Finesville (with a 2010 Census population of 175) and Upper Pohatcong (2010 population of 1,781) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within the township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Carpentersville, Hughesville, Huntington, Kennedys, Riegelsville, Springtown, Warren and Warren Glen.

The borough of Alpha is completely surrounded by Pohatcong Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,483
1900 2,215 49.4%
1910 3,202 44.6%
1920 1,559 * −51.3%
1930 1,974 26.6%
1940 2,029 2.8%
1950 2,540 25.2%
1960 3,543 39.5%
1970 3,924 10.8%
1980 3,856 −1.7%
1990 3,591 −6.9%
2000 3,416 −4.9%
2010 3,339 −2.3%
Est. 2015 3,242 −2.9%
Population sources: 1890-1920
1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade

The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,339 people, 1,310 households, and 941.9 families residing in the township. The population density was 250.0 per square mile (96.5/km2). There were 1,420 housing units at an average density of 106.3 per square mile (41.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 95.24% (3,180) White, 1.59% (53) Black or African American, 0.03% (1) Native American, 0.90% (30) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.69% (23) from other races, and 1.56% (52) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.47% (116) of the population.

There were 1,310 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the township, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.3 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $84,318 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,047) and the median family income was $95,982 (+/- $2,028). Males had a median income of $56,705 (+/- $13,134) versus $35,481 (+/- $1,974) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,781 (+/- $7,346). About 3.9% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,416 people, 1,341 households, and 989 families residing in the township. The population density was 256.3 people per square mile (98.9/km²). There were 1,411 housing units at an average density of 105.9 per square mile (40.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.01% White, 0.44% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.64% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.02% of the population.

There were 1,341 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the township the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $52,188, and the median income for a family was $60,208. Males had a median income of $44,327 versus $32,316 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,754. About 3.4% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 54.70 miles (88.03 km) of roadways, of which 36.13 miles (58.15 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.81 miles (20.62 km) by Warren County, 3.20 miles (5.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.56 miles (4.12 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.

The major county road that passes through is CR 519.

Route 122 is the only major state road that passes through (which used to be U.S. Route 22 ALT until it was changed in 1993).

Interstate 78 passes through in the central region while U.S. Route 22 runs along the eastern border before running concurrent with I-78.

The Riegelsville Bridge is a suspension bridge crossing the Delaware River connecting Pohatcong to Riegelsville, Pennsylvania, that is owned and operated by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. The current bridge on the site opened in 1904.

Public transportation

Trans-Bridge Lines operates the 890 and 891 bus routes, which connect Pohatcong Township with Easton, Pennsylvania.

Rail- the Lehigh Line

The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through Pohatcong Township on its way to Phillipsburg, New Jersey.

Surrounding communities

Pohatcong completely surrounds Alpha.

Historic sites

The Finesville-Seigletown Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 10, 2010.


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