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Greenwich Township, Warren County, New Jersey facts for kids

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Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Greenwich
Old Greenwich Presbyterian Church
Old Greenwich Presbyterian Church
Map of Greenwich Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Greenwich Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Warren County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Warren County, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Warren
First mention October 9, 1738
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Greenwich, England
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
Area
 • Total 10.60 sq mi (27.45 km2)
 • Land 10.58 sq mi (27.40 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  0.15%
Area rank 205th of 565 in state
15th of 22 in county
Elevation
325 ft (99 m)
Population
 • Total 5,712
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,442
 • Rank 359th of 566 in state
8th of 22 in county
 • Density 542.5/sq mi (209.5/km2)
 • Density rank 440th of 566 in state
7th of 22 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 908 exchanges: 213, 387, 454, 859
FIPS code 3404128260
GNIS feature ID 0882253

Greenwich Township () is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 5,712, reflecting an increase of 1,347 (+30.9%) from the 4,365 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,466 (+129.9%) from the 1,899 counted in the 1990 Census. The township is located in the far eastern region of the Lehigh Valley.

Greenwich Township has at various times been a part of most of Northwestern New Jersey's counties. The township was first mentioned in official documents on October 9, 1738, as a part of Hunterdon County. On March 15, 1739, it became part of the newly formed Morris County. On January 22, 1750, portions of the township were taken to form Hardwick Township. On June 8, 1753, Sussex County was created, and Greenwich Township was shifted again. Portions of the township were taken on May 30, 1754, to form both Mansfield Township and Oxford Township. The township was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. It found its current home when Warren County was formed on November 20, 1824. On April 8, 1839, portions of the township were taken to create Franklin Township and Harmony Township. On March 7, 1851, Phillipsburg was created from parts of Greenwich, and Pohatcong Township went off on its own as of January 1, 1882. The township was named for Greenwich, England.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 10.543 square miles (27.305 km2), including 10.530 square miles (27.272 km2) of land and 0.013 square miles (0.033 km2) of water (0.12%).

Greenwich CDP (with a 2010 Census population of 2,755), Stewartsville (with 349 residents in 2010) and Upper Stewartsville (2010 population of 212) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within the township.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Coopersville, Kennedys Mill, Port Warren and Still Valley.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,528
1820 2,335 −7.6%
1830 4,486 92.1%
1840 2,902 −35.3%
1850 3,726 28.4%
1860 2,541 −31.8%
1870 2,587 1.8%
1880 2,554 −1.3%
1890 825 −67.7%
1900 909 10.2%
1910 904 −0.6%
1920 1,050 16.2%
1930 1,141 8.7%
1940 1,125 −1.4%
1950 1,217 8.2%
1960 1,397 14.8%
1970 1,482 6.1%
1980 1,738 17.3%
1990 1,899 9.3%
2000 4,365 129.9%
2010 5,712 30.9%
2019 (est.) 5,442 −4.7%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,712 people, 1,808 households, and 1,546 families residing in the township. The population density was 542.5 per square mile (209.5/km2). There were 1,870 housing units at an average density of 177.6 per square mile (68.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 84.42% (4,822) White, 6.36% (363) Black or African American, 0.12% (7) Native American, 6.16% (352) Asian, 0.05% (3) Pacific Islander, 1.09% (62) from other races, and 1.80% (103) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.37% (364) of the population.

There were 1,808 households out of which 51.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.5% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the township, the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $102,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,103) and the median family income was $112,535 (+/- $19,851). Males had a median income of $95,469 (+/- $9,585) versus $60,986 (+/- $7,346) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,290 (+/- $3,322). About 1.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,365 people, 1,421 households, and 1,223 families residing in the township. The population density was 413.6 people per square mile (159.7/km2). There were 1,477 housing units at an average density of 139.9 per square mile (54.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.26% White, 2.47% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.80% of the population.

There were 1,421 households, out of which 51.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.9% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the township the population was spread out, with 33.6% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $87,613, and the median income for a family was $92,579. Males had a median income of $69,926 versus $34,934 for females. The per capita income for the township was $32,886. About 1.1% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 48.98 miles (78.83 km) of roadways, of which 31.14 miles (50.11 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.73 miles (15.66 km) by Warren County, 7.89 miles (12.70 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.22 miles (0.35 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Greenwich is accessible from Interstate, U.S. State and County roads. Interstate 78 passes through in the central area while U.S. Route 22 runs along the western border before running concurrent with I-78. Route 57 passes through in the north and Route 173's western end starts at the western municipal border at I-78/US 22.

OLD GREENWICH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH CEMETERY, WARREN COUNTY
Grave of General William Maxwell at the Old Presbyterian Church Cemetery

County Road 519 travels through the western corner for a short distance while County Road 579 passes through very briefly in the south before terminating at Route 173.

A small part of the Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through the southern part of Greenwich Township on its way to Phillipsburg, New Jersey.

Education

Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Greenwich Township School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 686 students and 67.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.2:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Greenwich Elementary School with 426 students in grades pre-kindergarten to 5 and Stewartsville Middle School with 258 students in grades 6 - 8.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Phillipsburg High School in Phillipsburg, which serves students from the Town of Phillipsburg as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Phillipsburg School District. The high school also serves students from four other sending communities: Alpha, Bloomsbury (in Hunterdon County), Lopatcong Township and Pohatcong Township. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 2,324 students and 197.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.8:1.

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8) or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12), with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).

Notable people

William Maxwell gravestone, Greenwich Cemetery, NJ
Gravestone of General William Maxwell at the Old Greenwich Presbyterian Church Cemetery

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Greenwich Township include:

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