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Angelina River facts for kids

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Angelina River
Native name Río Angelina
Other name(s) Shawnee Creek
Country United States
State Texas
Physical characteristics
Main source Berryhill Creek
River mouth Neches River
Pace Hill, Texas, United States
Length 120 mi (190 km)
Angelina River sign IMG 0979
Angelina River Sign
Angelina River west of Nacogdoches, Texas
The muddy Angelina River on Texas State Highway 21 west of Nacogdoches

The Angelina River is formed by the junction of Barnhardt and Shawnee creeks 3 miles (5 km) northwest of Laneville in southwest central Rusk County, Texas (at 32°01′N 94°50′W / 32.017°N 94.833°W / 32.017; -94.833).

The river flows southeast for 120 miles (193 km) and forms the boundaries between Cherokee and Nacogdoches, Angelina and Nacogdoches, and Angelina and San Augustine counties. It empties into the Neches River 12 miles (19 km) north of Jasper in northwestern Jasper County (at 31°54′N 94°12′W / 31.900°N 94.200°W / 31.900; -94.200).

The Sam Rayburn Reservoir is on the southern part of the river.

History

The river was named for a native Hasinai girl whom Spanish missionaries called Angelina. It was well known to Spanish and French explorers and to missionaries in East Texas. Spanish land grants along the stream date back to the later eighteenth century, and there was considerable settlement in the area during the Mexican period.

In 1832, the Battle of Nacogdoches spilled over onto the Angelina, when James Bowie ambushed the fleeing Mexican army at this river.

River traffic on the Angelina began to die in the 1880s with the arrival of the railroads. By 1900, the stream was no longer navigable. Farming and clear-cutting by the growing lumber industry in the river's watershed caused the river to silt up, and numerous sandbars formed along its course.

Music

The Angelina River is mentioned in "Rivertown" by Texan Hayes Carll on his 2005 album Little Rock. Mason Williams, in "The Rivers of Texas" on the album Of Time and Rivers Flowing, says "the fair Angelina runs glossy and gliding."

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