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Angelina County, Texas facts for kids

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Angelina County
The Angelina County Courthouse in Lufkin
The Angelina County Courthouse in Lufkin
Map of Texas highlighting Angelina County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1846
Named for A Hasinai woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them
Seat Lufkin
Largest city Lufkin
 • Total 865 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Land 798 sq mi (2,070 km2)
 • Water 67 sq mi (170 km2)  7.7%
 • Total 86,395
 • Density 99.88/sq mi (38.563/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Angelina County ( AN-jə-LEE-nə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in East Texas and its county seat is Lufkin.

As of the 2020 census, the population was 86,395. The Lufkin, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Angelina County.

It was formed in 1846 from Nacogdoches County. It is named for a Hasinai Native American woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them.


The county's first Anglo settlers were what John Nova Lomax described as "Scotch-Irish backwoods folk." Cotton farmers and slaves did not come to Angelina County because it had poor soil. Lomax added that "Culturally, the county was less moonlight-and-magnolias Dixie than a little pocket of Appalachia, where pioneers, often from similarly hardscrabble areas of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, wanted nothing more than to carve homesteads out of the Piney Woods and river thickets, farm a little, maybe raise a scraggly herd of tough cattle to drive to market in New Orleans." Lomax added that "[t]hey also wanted to brew up a little whiskey and subsist on the bass, catfish and perch they hauled from the Neches and Angelina rivers and whatever they could trap and shoot on dry land."

Settlement was still thin when Texas won its independence. Angelina County was organized on April 22, 1846, when Nacogdoches County was divided. The first permanent settler after the county was formed is thought to have been George W. Collins. The population increased quickly thereafter due to the good farming land and to the rivers, which made steamboat transportation possible. The population reached 1,165, 196 of whom were slaves, in 1850. The first county seat was Marion; successively, Jonesville became county seat in 1854, Homer in 1858, and Lufkin in 1892. Lufkin was favored by the route of the Houston, East and West Texas Railway (now the Southern Pacific), which had been built in 1882 from Houston to Shreveport.

Angelina County was settled predominantly by natives of the southern United States, some of them slaveowners who established plantations in their new Texas home. Large plantations were owned by the Stearns, Oates, Kalty, Stovall, and Ewing families. However, many Angelina County farmers were relatively poor men who owned no slaves. In 1847 slaves numbered 154, out of a total population of 834. In 1859 the number of slaves had grown to 427, valued at $269,550, and the total population was 4,271. Cotton culture, however, occupied only 2,048 acres of county land in 1858, a relatively small area for East Texas. Between 1850 and 1860 improved land in the county increased from about 3,000 to about 16,000 acres.

In 1861 Angelina County was the only county in East Texas, and one of only a handful of other Texas counties, to reject secession. This election result was startling when compared with that of Angelina County's neighbor to the immediate south, Tyler County, which supported secession by a 99 percent vote. Angelina County had also given the Constitutional Union party candidate, John Bell, a strong minority vote in the 1860 election. Two companies of county men were organized to fight in the Civil War, but they saw only limited action; only nineteen Angelina County men lost their lives in the war, and no Union soldiers entered the county before 1866.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 798 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 67 square miles (170 km2) (7.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Angelina National Forest (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,165
1860 4,271 266.6%
1870 3,985 −6.7%
1880 5,239 31.5%
1890 6,306 20.4%
1900 13,481 113.8%
1910 17,705 31.3%
1920 22,287 25.9%
1930 27,803 24.7%
1940 32,201 15.8%
1950 36,032 11.9%
1960 39,814 10.5%
1970 49,349 23.9%
1980 64,172 30.0%
1990 69,884 8.9%
2000 80,130 14.7%
2010 86,771 8.3%
2020 86,395 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

USA Angelina County, Texas age pyramid
Age pyramid as of the 2000 United States Census
Angelina County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 54,889 49,970 63.26% 57.84%
Black or African American alone (NH) 12,840 12,872 14.80% 14.90%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 255 200 0.29% 0.23%
Asian alone (NH) 744 891 0.86% 1.03%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 9 30 0.01% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 94 196 0.11% 0.23%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 795 2,504 0.92% 2.90%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 17,145 19,732 19.76% 22.84%
Total 86,771 86,395 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
  • I-69 (TX).svg Interstate 69 is currently under construction and will follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
  • US 69.svg U.S. Highway 69
  • Texas 7.svg State Highway 7
  • Texas 63.svg State Highway 63
  • Texas 94.svg State Highway 94
  • Texas 103.svg State Highway 103
  • Texas 147.svg State Highway 147
  • Texas FM 1818.svg Farm to Market Road 1818

US 59 goes through Angelina County. It is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69.


Greyhound Lines operates the Lufkin Station at the Kerrville Bus Company station in Lufkin.


Angelina County Airport is located seven miles southwest of Lufkin.



Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities


Abandoned Redland Drive-in Theater near Lufkin, TX IMG 3968
Abandoned Redland Drive-in Theater off U.S. Highway 59 north of Lufkin prior to demolishment in 2020.
Redtown Missionary Baptist Church, Angelina County, TX IMG 3314
Among numerous rural churches in Angelina County is the Redtown Missionary Baptist Church (pastor Ross Black, 2010) of Pollok, located near the intersection of Texas Highways 103 and 7.

Primary/Secondary Education

The following school districts serve Angelina County (districts marked with (*) are located partly within the county and partly outside it):

  • Central Independent School District
  • Colmesneil Independent School District (*)
  • Diboll Independent School District
  • Hudson Independent School District
  • Huntington Independent School District
  • Lufkin Independent School District
  • Wells Independent School District (*)
  • Zavalla Independent School District

Colleges and Universities

Angelina College, a community college, serves all of Angelina County.

Stephen F. Austin State University is located in Nacogdoches, which is located in neighboring Nacogdoches County.

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