Angelina County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The Angelina County Courthouse in Lufkin
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||A Hasinai woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them|
|• Total||865 sq mi (2,240 km2)|
|• Land||798 sq mi (2,070 km2)|
|• Water||67 sq mi (170 km2) 7.7%|
|• Density||99.88/sq mi (38.563/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Angelina County ( AN-jə-LEE-nə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in East Texas and its county seat is Lufkin.
As of the 2020 census, the population was 86,395. The Lufkin, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Angelina County.
It was formed in 1846 from Nacogdoches County. It is named for a Hasinai Native American woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries and was named Angelina by them.
The county's first Anglo settlers were what John Nova Lomax described as "Scotch-Irish backwoods folk." Cotton farmers and slaves did not come to Angelina County because it had poor soil. Lomax added that "Culturally, the county was less moonlight-and-magnolias Dixie than a little pocket of Appalachia, where pioneers, often from similarly hardscrabble areas of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, wanted nothing more than to carve homesteads out of the Piney Woods and river thickets, farm a little, maybe raise a scraggly herd of tough cattle to drive to market in New Orleans." Lomax added that "[t]hey also wanted to brew up a little whiskey and subsist on the bass, catfish and perch they hauled from the Neches and Angelina rivers and whatever they could trap and shoot on dry land."
Settlement was still thin when Texas won its independence. Angelina County was organized on April 22, 1846, when Nacogdoches County was divided. The first permanent settler after the county was formed is thought to have been George W. Collins. The population increased quickly thereafter due to the good farming land and to the rivers, which made steamboat transportation possible. The population reached 1,165, 196 of whom were slaves, in 1850. The first county seat was Marion; successively, Jonesville became county seat in 1854, Homer in 1858, and Lufkin in 1892. Lufkin was favored by the route of the Houston, East and West Texas Railway (now the Southern Pacific), which had been built in 1882 from Houston to Shreveport.
Angelina County was settled predominantly by natives of the southern United States, some of them slaveowners who established plantations in their new Texas home. Large plantations were owned by the Stearns, Oates, Kalty, Stovall, and Ewing families. However, many Angelina County farmers were relatively poor men who owned no slaves. In 1847 slaves numbered 154, out of a total population of 834. In 1859 the number of slaves had grown to 427, valued at $269,550, and the total population was 4,271. Cotton culture, however, occupied only 2,048 acres of county land in 1858, a relatively small area for East Texas. Between 1850 and 1860 improved land in the county increased from about 3,000 to about 16,000 acres.
In 1861 Angelina County was the only county in East Texas, and one of only a handful of other Texas counties, to reject secession. This election result was startling when compared with that of Angelina County's neighbor to the immediate south, Tyler County, which supported secession by a 99 percent vote. Angelina County had also given the Constitutional Union party candidate, John Bell, a strong minority vote in the 1860 election. Two companies of county men were organized to fight in the Civil War, but they saw only limited action; only nineteen Angelina County men lost their lives in the war, and no Union soldiers entered the county before 1866.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 798 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 67 square miles (170 km2) (7.7%) is water.
- Nacogdoches County (north)
- San Augustine County (northeast)
- Jasper County (southeast)
- Tyler County (south)
- Polk County (southwest)
- Trinity County(west)
- Houston County (west)
- Cherokee County (northwest)
National protected area
- Angelina National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||54,889||49,970||63.26%||57.84%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||12,840||12,872||14.80%||14.90%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||255||200||0.29%||0.23%|
|Asian alone (NH)||744||891||0.86%||1.03%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||9||30||0.01%||0.03%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||94||196||0.11%||0.23%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||795||2,504||0.92%||2.90%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||17,145||19,732||19.76%||22.84%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
- U.S. Highway 59
- Interstate 69 is currently under construction and will follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
- U.S. Highway 69
- State Highway 7
- State Highway 63
- State Highway 94
- State Highway 103
- State Highway 147
- Farm to Market Road 1818
US 59 goes through Angelina County. It is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69.
Greyhound Lines operates the Lufkin Station at the Kerrville Bus Company station in Lufkin.
Angelina County Airport is located seven miles southwest of Lufkin.
The following school districts serve Angelina County (districts marked with (*) are located partly within the county and partly outside it):
- Central Independent School District
- Colmesneil Independent School District (*)
- Diboll Independent School District
- Hudson Independent School District
- Huntington Independent School District
- Lufkin Independent School District
- Wells Independent School District (*)
- Zavalla Independent School District
Colleges and Universities
Angelina College, a community college, serves all of Angelina County.
Stephen F. Austin State University is located in Nacogdoches, which is located in neighboring Nacogdoches County.