Polk County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Polk County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Polk County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 30, 1846
Seat Livingston
Largest town Livingston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,110 sq mi (2,875 km²)
1,057 sq mi (2,738 km²)
53 sq mi (137 km²), 4.74%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

45,413
43/sq mi (17/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.polk.tx.us
Named for: James K. Polk

Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,413. Its county seat is Livingston.

The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation of the federally recognized tribe is in Polk County, where the people have been since the early 19th century, after migrating from the Southeast. The 2000 census reported a resident population of 480 persons within the reservation. The tribe reports 1100 enrolled members.

History

Confederate memorial in Polk County, TX IMG 8279
Ike Turner Camp Confederate Monument, Livingston, Texas.

Polk County, named for His Excellency James Knox Polk of Tennessee, President of the United States, was by act of the First Legislature of the State of Texas, approved on March 30, 1846, created out of Liberty County and embraced that portion thereof known and designated as the "Northern Division" of said Liberty County. It was one of the first of a series of 23 counties, formulated, constituted and established by the State of Texas, after annexation with the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,348
1860 8,300 253.5%
1870 8,707 4.9%
1880 7,189 −17.4%
1890 10,332 43.7%
1900 14,447 39.8%
1910 17,459 20.8%
1920 16,784 −3.9%
1930 17,555 4.6%
1940 20,635 17.5%
1950 16,194 −21.5%
1960 13,861 −14.4%
1970 14,457 4.3%
1980 24,407 68.8%
1990 30,687 25.7%
2000 41,133 34.0%
2010 45,413 10.4%
Est. 2015 46,972 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 41,133 people, 15,119 households, and 10,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 inhabitants per square mile (15/km2). There were 21,177 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 13.17% Black or African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.74% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 9.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,119 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 108.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,495, and the median income for a family was $35,957. Males had a median income of $30,823 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,834. About 13.30% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,110 square miles (2,900 km2), of which 1,057 square miles (2,740 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (4.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Big Thicket National Preserve (part)

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
    • I-69.svg The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
  • US 190.svg U.S. Highway 190
  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 146.svg State Highway 146
  • Texas FM 350.svg Farm to Market Road 350
  • Texas FM 356.svg Farm to Market Road 356
  • Texas FM 357.svg Farm to Market Road 357
  • Texas FM 942.svg Farm to Market Road 942
  • Texas FM 943.svg Farm to Market Road 943
  • Texas FM 1745.svg Farm to Market Road 1745

Mass transportation

Greyhound Lines operates the Livingston Station at the Super Stop Food Mart in Livingston.

Airport

West Livingston has the Livingston Municipal Airport, operated by the City of Livingston.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Images for kids


Polk County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.