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Liberty County, Texas facts for kids

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Liberty County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Liberty County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Seat Liberty
Largest City Liberty
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,176 sq mi (3,046 km²)
1,158 sq mi (2,999 km²)
18 sq mi (47 km²), 1.5%
 - (2010)
 - Density

65/sq mi (25/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Liberty County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,653. The county seat is Liberty. The county was created in 1831 as a municipality in Mexico and organized as a county in 1837. It is named for the popular American ideal of liberty.

Liberty County is included in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,176 square miles (3,050 km2), of which 1,158 square miles (3,000 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (1.5%) is water.

The Trinity River flows through this county, dividing the county approximately in half. The river begins on the northern border of Liberty County, forming the San Jacinto - Polk County line through the Liberty County line. The east fork of the San Jacinto River flows through far Northeast parts of the county, Flowing through Cleveland. Tarkington Bayou begins in the Sam Houston National Forest in San Jacinto County, working its way south through Northeast and east Liberty County and joining other feeders, before traveling into Harris County and emptying into Galveston Bay. The highest point in Liberty County is "Davis Hill", the roof of a salt dome in the northern part of the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Big Thicket National Preserve (part)
  • Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,522
1860 3,189 26.4%
1870 4,414 38.4%
1880 4,999 13.3%
1890 4,230 −15.4%
1900 8,102 91.5%
1910 10,686 31.9%
1920 14,637 37.0%
1930 19,868 35.7%
1940 24,541 23.5%
1950 26,729 8.9%
1960 31,595 18.2%
1970 33,014 4.5%
1980 47,088 42.6%
1990 52,726 12.0%
2000 70,154 33.1%
2010 75,643 7.8%
Est. 2015 79,654 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 70,154 people, 23,242 households, and 17,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 26,359 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.90% White, 12.82% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.03% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 10.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,242 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,361, and the median income for a family was $43,744. Males had a median income of $37,957 versus $22,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,539. About 11.10% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.30% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.

Of Liberty County's residents, 8.8% have a college degree, the lowest percentage of any U.S. county with a population exceeding 50,000.


Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
    • I-69.svg The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
  • US 90.svg U.S. Highway 90
  • Texas 61.svg State Highway 61
  • Texas 105.svg State Highway 105
  • Texas 146.svg State Highway 146
  • Texas 321.svg State Highway 321


Two general aviation airports are located in unincorporated sections of the county.

  • Liberty Municipal Airport is located east of Liberty.
  • Cleveland Municipal Airport is located east of Cleveland.

The Houston Airport System stated that Liberty County is within the primary service area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, an international airport in Houston in Harris County.




Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

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