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Arnold J. Toynbee

CH FBA
Arnold J. Toynbee Anefo.jpg
Born
Arnold Joseph Toynbee

(1889-04-14)14 April 1889
Died 22 October 1975(1975-10-22) (aged 86)
Nationality British
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
Known for Universal history
Spouse(s)
  • Rosalind Murray
    (m. 1913; div. 1946)
  • Veronica M. Boulter (m. 1946)
Children
  • Antony Toynbee
  • Philip Toynbee
  • Lawrence Toynbee
Scientific career
Institutions Balliol College, Oxford
King's College, London
London School of Economics
Royal Institute of International Affairs

Arnold Joseph Toynbee CH FBA ( 14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was a British historian, a philosopher of history, an author of numerous books and a research professor of international history at the London School of Economics and King's College London. From 1918 to 1950, Toynbee was considered a leading specialist on international affairs.

He is best known for his 12-volume A Study of History (1934–1961). With his prodigious output of papers, articles, speeches and presentations, and numerous books translated into many languages, Toynbee was a widely read and discussed scholar in the 1940s and 1950s. However, by the 1960s his magnum opus had fallen out of favour among mainstream historians. Whether valid or not, there was a perception that Toynbee favoured myths, allegories and religion over factual data.

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