Ashland, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Ashland
City
East Main Street, downtown
East Main Street, downtown
Motto: "Someplace Special"
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ashland
Area
 • Total 11.23 sq mi (29.09 km2)
 • Land 11.17 sq mi (28.93 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,362
 • Estimate (2012) 20,320
 • Density 1,822.9/sq mi (703.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44805
Area code(s) 419, 567
FIPS code 39-02568
GNIS feature ID 1060832
Website City of Ashland, Ohio

Ashland is a city in and the county seat of Ashland County, Ohio, United States. The population was 20,362 at the 2010 census. It is the center of the Ashland Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003).

Ashland is well known in the state for its "welcome sign" that proclaims the city to be "The World Headquarters of Nice People."

Ashland was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

History

Ashland was laid out by Daniel Carter in 1815. Ashland was originally called Uniontown, but in 1822 the city was compelled to adopt a new name because another city in Ohio was already named Uniontown. The new name of Ashland was selected by supporters of the Kentucky congressman Henry Clay, from Ashland, his estate near Lexington.

Later, "Henry Clay High School" was considered as a name for what is now known as Ashland High School.

In the mid-1800s, Ashland pioneers traveled to Oregon, naming a settlement after the town.

Geography

Ashland is located at 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528 (40.867016, -82.315146).

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 11.23 square miles (29.1 km2), of which 11.17 square miles (28.9 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.

The city contains 85.6 miles (137.8 km) of streets, one hospital, one fire station, one police station, and five parks.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,264
1860 1,748 38.3%
1870 2,601 48.8%
1880 3,004 15.5%
1890 3,568 18.8%
1900 4,087 14.5%
1910 6,795 66.3%
1920 9,249 36.1%
1930 11,141 20.5%
1940 12,453 11.8%
1950 14,287 14.7%
1960 17,419 21.9%
1970 19,872 14.1%
1980 20,252 1.9%
1990 20,079 −0.9%
2000 21,249 5.8%
2010 21,780 2.5%
Est. 2015 20,317 −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 20,362 people, 8,063 households, and 4,813 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,822.9 inhabitants per square mile (703.8/km2). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 798.0 per square mile (308.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,063 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 21,249 people, 8,327 households, and 5,262 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,051.5 people per square mile (791.9/km²). There were 8,870 housing units at an average density of 856.4/sq mi (330.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.35% White, 1.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 8,327 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,250, and the median income for a family was $42,755. Males had a median income of $33,634 versus $21,781 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,760. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

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