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Atlanta, Nebraska
Roadside businesses along U.S. Highway 6/34 in Atlanta
Roadside businesses along U.S. Highway 6/34 in Atlanta
Location of Atlanta, Nebraska
Location of Atlanta, Nebraska
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Phelps
 • Total 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Land 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,339 ft (713 m)
 • Total 131
 • Estimate 
 • Density 571.43/sq mi (220.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-02620
GNIS feature ID 0827110

Atlanta is a village in Phelps County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 131 at the 2010 Census. During World War II, the town was neighbored by Camp Atlanta, which housed more than 3,000 Nazi German prisoners of war over three years. The camp was said to house more prisoners during the war than the town had in population during its entire existence.


Atlanta was laid out in 1883 when the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad was extended to that point. It was likely named after Atlanta, Illinois.

In the first part of the 20th century Atlanta was home to several amenities for neighboring farmers. They included a grocery store, post office, cafe, and a tourist shop for drivers on U.S. Route 6, as well as corn and grain elevators and two gas stations. Chataqua groups entertained at the town hall, with annual events such as the Atlanta Institute, which was an annual fair. There were also free outdoor "picture shows", and the Atlanta Industry Day Picnic. The Atlanta schoolhouse had eight grades. At the beginning of World War II, there was one street about two blocks long, with only a few business buildings drooping and dwindling along its edges.

Camp Atlanta

During World War II, Camp Atlanta was established next to the town as an Allied prisoner-of-war camp for German P.O.W.s. The Atlanta area had been the final choice of the U.S. Army to establish a $2 million P.O.W. camp after the outbreak of World War II. When construction began in September, 1943 people were told this would be a "Conchie Camp" for the conscientious objectors from the United States. By November it became known by locals that Atlanta would be a prisoner-of-war camp expected to guard German prisoners. There were approximately 275 enlisted men and 60 officers.

Soldiers were hired out to local farms to help retrieve the increased crop production demanded by the war. More than 30 local farmers sought assistance, paying the government for work completed by the P.O.W.s. Soon after the first of the year in 1946, some soldiers returned to live in Atlanta, and at least two of the Germans applied for U.S. citizenship and returned as well.


Atlanta is located at 40°22′6″N 99°28′22″W / 40.36833°N 99.47278°W / 40.36833; -99.47278 (40.368265, -99.472741).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 250
1920 258 3.2%
1930 207 −19.8%
1940 173 −16.4%
1950 147 −15.0%
1960 107 −27.2%
1970 101 −5.6%
1980 102 1.0%
1990 114 11.8%
2000 130 14.0%
2010 131 0.8%
2019 (est.) 132 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 131 people, 52 households, and 39 families residing in the village. The population density was 569.6 inhabitants per square mile (219.9/km2). There were 60 housing units at an average density of 260.9 per square mile (100.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.2% White and 0.8% Native American.

There were 52 households, of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.0% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the village was 38.5 years. 29.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 1.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.7% were from 25 to 44; 33.6% were from 45 to 64; and 5.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

Notable person

Warren Keith Urbom, United States District Court Judge, was born in Atlanta.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Atlanta (Nebraska) para niños

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