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Australian National Aviation Museum
Australian National Aviation Museum Logo 2014.jpg
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Established 1962
Location Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Type Aerospace

The Australian National Aviation Museum is an aviation museum at the Moorabbin Airport in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was founded in 1962 as the Australian Aircraft Restoration Group, an attempt to maintain a World War II-era Bristol Beaufighter aircraft. It has since become a museum, with a large aircraft collection. It was originally named the Moorabbin Air Museum. As of 2008 it held 50 aircraft and 25 engines.

History

ANAM outside 1a
RAAF Gloster Meteor
XG789 (16638701851)
RAN Fairey Gannet

The Australian Aircraft Restoration Group was first formed in 1962 as a volunteer group by aviation enthusiasts including members of the Aviation Historical Society of Australia.

The first home for the collection was on a farm in Wandin North then the Pine Hill Service Station, at that time on the Warburton road, outside of Lillydale Victoria. The museum aircraft were stored there with the Wacket trainer, donated by the Lucas family, displayed prominently. In 1965 land was allocated for a museum at Moorabin Airport Victoria the current home of the collection.

The collection in the early days was made up of a combination of privately owned aircraft and those the Museum acquired in their own right .

Amongst the first acquisitions was DAP Mark 21 Bristol Beaufighter A8-328 ex Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) that had been used as playground equipment at The Lord Mayor's Children's Camp at Portsea and was at risk of being scrapped.

Following donation of the Beaufighter in April 1962, a CAC Wackett was donated by the Lucas family then the oldest complete aircraft in the collection, a DH.60G Gypsy Moth.donated by ( citation required)

1963 was a busy year for the group. In January an Avro Anson was purchased from Flinders Island Airlines, ( VH-FIA) and in May a Gloster Meteor was acquired from the Department of Supply. Trans Australia Airlines (TAA) donated a Tiger Moth in mid-1963, and the year was rounded out by recovering a CAC Wirraway from the dump at East Sale RAAF base .

Early in 1964, most of the collection was moved to a service station north of Lilydale, where the Wacket was put on display where it remained until moved to Moorabin . Later in the year many of the aircraft were taken to a market garden adjacent to Moorabbin Airport. In October 1964, a Percival Proctor was donated, and by this stage the Department of Civil Aviation had agreed to lease the group land at Moorabbin Airport, with a fence erected on 20 May 1965.

In 1966, the AARG returned to the farming district near Colac and collected a Kittyhawk fuselage, while February 1967 saw the most spectacular arrival when a former Royal Australian Navy (RAN) Fairey Firefly was flown from Bankstown in New South Wales to Moorabbin.

For the next 20 years the Museum grew as more and more aircraft came into the collection and the theme of the Museum was quickly established. An aircraft or artefact acquired by the Museum had to be relevant to Australian aviation history. Without realising it the Museum was establishing what would be labelled by museum professionals years later as a collection policy. This theme is what held the Museum collection together and provided a sense of purpose to the collection. Other aviation museums would form in Australia but none would acquire the vast range of aircraft types, all of which related directly to Australian history. The collection ranges from gliders and homebuilts to World War II combat aircraft, jet fighters, crop dusters and four engine airliners.

1980s and Beyond

By the early 1980s the aircraft collection had grown to a very impressive 30 machines but another very hard lesson had been learned. Collecting aircraft, restoring them and displaying them was not enough. At this time the Museum was still an open-air display and the effects of the weather were beginning to play havoc with the aircraft. No matter how robustly constructed an aircraft may be, if it is left exposed to the elements it will eventually succumb.

During the 1970s and 1980s there had been various proposals put forward by government and private groups to fund a National Aviation Museum in Victoria. The Moorabbin Air Museum was involved in many of these deliberations, but by the late 1980s it had become apparent that none of these schemes would reach fruition. The Museum directors realised that the only way to ensure the long-term survival of the aircraft was to take action themselves, and in 1988 all surplus assets of the museum were sold in order to provide funds to erect an 8,000-square-foot hangar on the Museum site. In April 1989 that hangar was completed and three years later it was extended to 12,000 square feet. In the intervening years a library, workshop and store were also erected together with an entry building and shop.

Over the years the Moorabbin Air Museum has been recognised by a number of awards, the most prestigious of which was a Certificate of Merit in the 1985 Museum of the Year Awards. Apart from the preservation of aircraft, the Museum's other great accomplishment has been the number of young members who have gone on to careers in aviation or museology; the experience gained while at the Museum standing them in good stead in their working lives.

To many it would seem that the Museum has accomplished its goals, but in truth it has barely begun. Between 1980 and 2000 the aircraft collection increased by an average of one airframe per year. The collection now totals 52 machines, and that makes the Museum the largest aircraft owner on Moorabbin Airport. It is an aeronautical collection larger than half the world's airlines and a third of the world's air forces, and only one third of it is displayed under cover. The rest is in storage, on loan, under restoration or, at worst, on display in the open air.

Today the Moorabbin Air Museum, now renamed The Australian National Aviation Museum, attracts visitors from all over the world.

Aircraft in collection

Acquired Operator/s Aircraft Number
1982 RAAF CA-27 Avon Sabre A94-989
1994 RAAF CAC CA-12 Boomerang A46-25
RAAF CAC CA-31 Operational Trainer (mock-up)
CAC CA-28 Ceres VH-WOT
1968 RAAF CAC CA-6 Wackett A3-22
1982 RAAF CAC CA-25 Winjeel A85-418
RAAF CAC CA-1 Wirraway A20-10
RAF Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2a (wings only)
RAAF DAP Bristol Beaufort MK V A9-13
RAAF GAF Jindivik A92-492
RAF Avro Lincoln RF342
1993 RAAF Dassault Mirage IIIO A3-45
RAAF General Dynamics F-111 (cockpit) A8-131
RAAF Bristol Type 171 Sycamore A91-1
RAAF Consolidated PBY Catalina A24-88
RAAF Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk (under restoration) A29-53
1985 RAAF/TAA de Havilland Tiger Moth
RAN de Havilland Sea Venom
1972 RAN Fairey Firefly
RAN Fairey Gannet A.S.4 XG789
1963 RAAF Gloster Meteor T7 A77-707
1982 Miles M-38 Messenger 2A (Civilian airframe painted in RAF Invasion stripes VH-AVQ
2004 Pakistan Air Force/Air Express Bristol Type 170 Freighter VH-ADL
2005 Eastern Air Lines/RAAF Douglas DC-2 NC13782 / A30-9 / VH-CRK
1972 USAAF/RAAF/ANA/Ansett Australia Douglas DC-3 VH-ANH (VHCDJ)
1971 Cubana de AviaciĆ³n/Trans Australia Airlines Vickers Viscount V.816 VH-TVR
1992 Auster J-1B Aiglet VH-ACY
1967 British Aircraft Swallow II VH-UUM
1982 Cessna 310 VH-AER
Airlines of Tasmania de Havilland Heron VH-CLX
1965 de Havilland Gypsy Moth VH-UKV
1968 Desoutter Mk.II VH-UPR
Duigan pusher biplane(Replica) VH-DGN
Percival Proctor VH-AUC
2015 US Air Boeing 737 (forward fuselage) RP-C8006
1989 Aero Club of South Australia Victa Airtourer 100 VH-BWI
2016 RAAF English Electric Canberra A84-226
2016 Pazmany PL-4 VH-XAP
2016 Royal Australian Air Force GAF Nomad A18-316
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