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Balram Jakhar
Dr Balram Jakhar.jpg
14th Governor of Madhya Pradesh
In office
20 July 2004 – 19 July 2009
Chief Minister Uma Bharti
Babulal Gaur
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Preceded by Lt. Gen. K. M. Seth (Acting)
Succeeded by Rameshwar Thakur
Governor of Gujarat
Additional Charge
In office
12 July 2004 – 24 July 2004
Chief Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Kailashpati Mishra
Succeeded by Nawal Kishore Sharma
19th Minister of Agriculture
In office
21 June 1991 – 17 January 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Devi Lal
Succeeded by Jagannath Mishra
8th Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
22 January 1980 – 27 November 1989
Deputy G. Lakshmanan
M. Thambi Durai
Preceded by K. S. Hegde
Succeeded by Rabi Ray
Leader of Opposition of the Punjab Legislative Assembly
In office
19 June 1977 – 17 February 1980
Preceded by Prakash Singh Badal
Succeeded by Prakash Singh Badal
Personal details
Born (1923-08-23)23 August 1923
Panjkosi, Punjab, British India
Died 3 February 2016(2016-02-03) (aged 92)
Delhi, India
Political party Indian National Congress
Children Sunil Jakhar, Sajjan Jakhar, Surinder Jakhar
Profession Farmer, Politician

Balram Jakhar (23 August 1923 – 3 February 2016) was an Indian politician, who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was also the longest serving Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Early life and education

Jakhar was born in a HinduJat family in Panjkosi village of Fazilka district in Punjab now in Fazilka on 23 August 1923. His father was Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and his mother was Pattodevi Jakhar. Jakhar earned a degree in Sanskrit from Forman Christian College, Lahore, in 1945. He had knowledge of English, Punjabi, Urdu, Sanskrit and Hindi languages.


A lifelong member of the Congress party, Jakhar founded the Bharatiya Krishak Samaj, a farmers' organization, in 1965. He was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1972 and was re-elected in 1977, becoming the Leader of the Opposition.

Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla with Dr. Balram Jakhar and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at Buckingham Palace in 1984
Speaker Jakhar (center) with Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at a Commonwealth Conference.

Jakhar then moved to national politics. He was elected in 1980 to the seventh Lok Sabha from Ferozepur and in 1984 to the eighth Lok Sabha from Sikar. He had the distinction of being elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha during his very first term in the house. Furthermore, served twice as Speaker of Lok Sabha, a rare achievement in Indian parliament history, holding office from 1980 to 1989, thus became the longest serving speaker in history. As Speaker of Lok Sabha, he promoted automation and computerization of Parliamentary works. He promoted Parliament library, reference, research, documentation and information services for the knowledge and use of members of Parliament. The establishment of Parliament Museum was his contribution. He was the first Asian to be elected Chairman of the Commonwealth Parliamentarian Executive Forum.

The Sikar parliamentary seat was won by Devi Lal in the elections of 1989. In 1991, Jakhar was again elected to parliament from the Sikar constituency and his party returned to power in India. Jakhar was made Union Agriculture minister under Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao in 1991.

After the Congress party returned to power in 2004, he was appointed Governor of Madhya Pradesh and served from 30 June 2004 to 30 May 2009.

Personal life

Jakhar was born into an affluent land-owning ] Hindu Jat family. His father was Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and his mother was Pattodevi Jakhar. Balram Jakhar was the father of three sons:

  • Sajjan Kumar Jakhar, the eldest son, is a former minister in the Punjab government. Father of Ajay Vir Jakhar.
    • Ajay Vir Jakhar, son opf Sajjan Kumar Jakhar, is Chairman of Bharat Krishak Samaj, a farmer organization, and writes frequently on farmer issues in reputed newspapers.
  • Surinder Jakhar, second son, died of a self-inflicted bullet injury (probably accidental) in 2011, duringesigning the lifetime of his father. Surinder served as chairman of Asia’s cooperative fertiliser giant IFFCO for four terms and chief of Asian Cooperative Alliance for two terms. Surinder is the father of Sandeep Jakhar.
    • Sandeep Jakhar, son of Surinder Jakhar, is one of very few candidates who managed to win on a Congress party ticket in the Punjab assembly election of 2022.
  • Sunil Jakhar, youngest son. Before resigning from the party in 2022, Sunil was long a member of his father's Congress party. He is a three time MLA from Abohar. He became Leader of the Opposition in Punjab in March 2012. He was elected to parliament from Gurdaspur in 2017 and was made President of his party's Punjab unit the same year. He left the party on 14th May 2022 after receiving a show-cause notice for criticizing Ambika Soni for incompetence, partisanship and communal bigotry after the party lost the state assembly elections earlier that year. Ambika Soni, herself a convert from Sikhism to Christianity, had blocked Sunil Jakhar from being projected as future chief minister during the eler.ction campaign on the ground that he was not a Sikh but a Hindu, saying that Punjab would never accept a Hindu chief minister.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Balram Jakhar para niños

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