Battle of Spotsylvania Court House facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBattle of Spotsylvania Court House
|Part of the American Civil War|
Battle of Spottsylvania, Thure de Thulstrup
|United States||Confederate States|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Ulysses Grant
|Army of the Potomac
|Army of Northern Virginia|
|Casualties and losses|
2,258 captured or missing
5,758 captured or missing
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was part of the Overland Campaign of the American Civil War. It was fought from May 8 to May 21, 1864. After the Battle of the Wilderness, Union commander Ulysses S. Grant decided to march south to get between the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. As part of the Union plans, they had to capture the important crossroads of Spotsylvania Court House. But Confederate cavalry arrived there first, followed by Confederate infantry.
Part of the Confederate line bulged outward; this part was soon called the "Mule Shoe". On May 12, Grant attacked the Mule Shoe with several thousand men. The Union attack captured part of the Confederate line but Confederate commander Robert E. Lee sent reinforcements to counterattack. The fighting lasted all day at the Mule Shoe.
The battle continued until May 21st. Grant then decided that he could not defeat Lee at Spotsylvania, so he ordered the Union army to move southward.
|Principal Union commanders|
As of May 7, Grant's Union forces totaled approximately 100,000 men.
|Confederate corps commanders|
Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia comprised about 52,000 men and was organized into four corps.
Interesting facts about the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
- Five generals were killed in the battle.
- The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was the first time Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant fought against each other.
- There was fog, mist and rain throughout the whole battle.
- There were 32,000 casualties.
- By the end of the day, an oak tree almost two feet wide was completely severed by all the rifle fire.
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Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.