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Buda Limestone
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)
Type Geological formation
Unit of Washita Group
Underlies Eagle Ford Group, Woodbine Formation, Boquillas Formation
Overlies Del Rio Formation and Grayson Formation
Thickness 100 feet (30 m)
Primary Limestone
Coordinates 30°05′06″N 97°51′03″W / 30.0849°N 97.8507°W / 30.0849; -97.8507
Region North America
Country United States
Type section
Named for Buda, Texas
Named by T.W. Vaughan
Year defined 1900
Austin Chalk stratigraphic column in Texas
Buda Limestone stratigraphic column in Texas

The Buda Limestone is a geological formation in the High Plains and Trans-Pecos regions of West Texas and in southern New Mexico, whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous. Pterosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.


Terlingua stratigraphic column
Terlingua stratigraphic column - Buda Limestone

The Buda Limestone is a dense white to yellow sparry limestone with numerous calcite veins that weathers to yellowish or pinkish due to its iron content. In far western Texas, the formation overlies the Del Rio Formation and is in turn overlain by the Eagle Ford Group. The total thickness is about 100 feet (30 m). In trans-Pecos Texas, the formation rests on the Grayson Formation and is overlain by the Boquillas Formation.

In the Big Bend National Park area, the formation is divided into three informal members. The lowest is 25 feet (7.6 m) of hard microgranular grayish-white limestone that breaks with a conchoidal fracture. The middle member is about 30 feet (9.1 m) of an argillaceous or marly nodular grayish-white limestone. The upper member is up to 60 feet (18 m) of limestone similar to the lower member.


Foraminifera are poorly preserved, but may include Globigerina. Gastropods, a few Gryphaea oysters, and the bivalve Alectryonia carinata has also been found in the formation. Abundant bivalve fossils are found in the formation east of Big Bend National Park.

Exposures in Hays County, Texas have yielded fossil remains of Pterodactyloidea, Ornithocheiroidea and Ornithocheiridae.

History of investigation

The formation was originally named the Shoal Creek Limestone, but this name was preempted, and the formation was renamed the Buda Limestone by T.W. Vaughan in 1900. By 1935, the formation had been included in the Washita Group.

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