Carmen Miranda facts for kids
From the movie The Gang's All Here (1943)
Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha, GCIH
9 February 1909
Marco de Canaveses, Portugal
|Died||5 August 1955
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Other names||The Brazilian Bombshell
The Chiquita Banana Girl
The Lady in the tutti frutti hat
David Alfred Sebastian (m. 1947–1955)her death
Carmen Miranda, GCIH • OMC (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkaɾmẽȷ̃ miˈɾɐ̃dɐ], born Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha, February 9, 1909 – August 5, 1955) was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress, and film star who was popular from the 1930s to the 1950s. Nicknamed "The Brazilian Bombshell", Carmen Miranda is noted for her signature fruit hat outfit she wore in her American films.
As a young woman, Miranda worked in a boutique designing hats before ultimately recording her first album with composer Josué de Barros in 1929. Yet it was her 1930 recording of the song Taí (Pra Você Gostar de Mim), written by Joubert de Carvalho that catapulted her to national stardom and cemented her status as the premiere interpreter of the increasingly popular samba genre.
Throughout the 1930s, Miranda performed on Brazilian radio stations and appeared in five Brazilian sound films known as chanchadas, which celebrated Brazilian music, dance, and carnival culture. Features like Hello, Hello Brazil! and Hello, Hello, Carnival! embodied the spirit of these early Miranda films, though it was the 1939 musical Banana da Terra, directed by Ruy Costa, that brought the world her iconic “Baiana” image, inspired by the wardrobe of poor afro-descendents from the northeastern state of Bahia.
In 1939, Lee Shubert, a Broadway businessman, offered Carmen Miranda an eight-week contract to perform in The Streets of Paris on Broadway after seeing her at Cassino da Urca, in Rio de Janeiro.
In 1940, she made her first Hollywood film, Down Argentine Way, with Don Ameche and Betty Grable; her exotic clothing and Latin accent became her trademark. In the same year, she was voted the third most popular personality in the United States and was invited to sing and dance for President Franklin Roosevelt, along with her group, Bando da Lua. In 1943, Miranda starred in Busby Berkley's The Gang's All Here, which was noted for its use of musical numbers with the fruit hats that were to become Miranda's trademark. By 1945, she was the highest paid woman in the United States.
Miranda made a total of fourteen Hollywood films between 1940 and 1953. Though hailed as a talented performer, her popularity waned by the end of World War II. She later grew to resent the stereotypical "Brazilian Bombshell" image she cultivated and attempted to break free of it with limited success. Undaunted, Miranda focused increasingly on her nightclub appearances, also becoming a fixture on television variety shows; indeed, for all the stereotyping she faced throughout her career, her performances made huge strides in popularizing Brazilian music, while at the same time paving the way for the increasing awareness of all Latin culture.
Carmen Miranda was the first Latin American star to be invited to imprint her hands and feet in the courtyard of Grauman's Chinese Theatre, in 1941. She became the first South American to be honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. She is considered the precursor of Brazil's Tropicalismo cultural movement of the 1960s. A museum was later constructed in Rio de Janeiro in her honor, and in 1995 she was the subject of the acclaimed documentary Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business.
|1933||A Voz do Carnaval||Herself at Rádio Mayrink Veiga|
|1935||Hello, Hello Brazil!|
|1936||Hello, Hello, Carnival!|
|1939||Banana da Terra|
|1940||Laranja da China|
|1940||Down Argentine Way||Herself|
|1941||That Night in Rio||Carmen|
|1941||Week-End in Havana||Rosita Rivas|
|1941||Meet the Stars #5: Hollywood Meets the Navy||Herself||Short subject|
|1942||Springtime in the Rockies||Rosita Murphy|
|1943||The Gang's All Here||Dorita||Alternative title: The Girls He Left Behind|
|1944||Greenwich Village||Princess Querida|
|1944||Something for the Boys||Chiquita Hart|
|1944||Four Jills in a Jeep||Herself|
|1944||Sing With the Stars||Herself||Short film|
|1945||The All-Star Bond Rally||Herself (Pinup girl)|
|1945||Doll Face||Chita Chula||Alternative title: Come Back to Me|
|1946||If I'm Lucky||Michelle O'Toole|
|1947||Copacabana||Carmen Novarro/Mademoiselle Fifi|
|1948||A Date with Judy||Rosita Cochellas|
|1949||The Ed Wynn Show||Herself||Episode #1.2|
|1949 to 1952||Texaco Star Theater||Herself||4 episodes|
|1950||Nancy Goes to Rio||Marina Rodrigues|
|1951||Don McNeill's TV Club||Herself||Episode #1.25|
|1951||What's My Line?||Mystery Guest||18 November 1951 episode|
|1951 to 1952||The Colgate Comedy Hour||Herself||3 episodes|
|1951 to 1953||All-Star Revue||Herself||2 episodes|
|1953||Scared Stiff||Carmelita Castinha|
|1953||Toast of the Town||Herself||Episode #7.1|
|1955||The Jimmy Durante Show||Herself||Episode #2.2|
|1995||Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business||Herself||Archive footage|
Images for kids
Travessa do Comércio in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a lively pedestrian street lined with bars, cafes and restaurants. Carmen Miranda lived at No. 13 during her youth.
Carmen Miranda alongside Don Ameche to a scene in the movie That Night in Rio (1941)
Carmen Miranda's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Miranda in an advertisement for General Electric in issue of The Saturday Evening Post (1945).
Daffy Duck as Miranda in Yankee Doodle Daffy, 1943.
Carmen Miranda Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.