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Cawsand
The Square Cawsand - geograph.org.uk - 1609248.jpg
The Square, Cawsand
OS grid reference SX434502
Civil parish
  • Maker-with-Rame
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TORPOINT
Postcode district PL10
Dialling code 01752
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
  • South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°19′52″N 4°12′08″W / 50.3311°N 4.2021°W / 50.3311; -4.2021Coordinates: 50°19′52″N 4°12′08″W / 50.3311°N 4.2021°W / 50.3311; -4.2021

Cawsand (Cornish: Porthbugh) and Kingsand are twin villages in southeast Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated on the Rame Peninsula and is in the parish of Maker-with-Rame.

Cawsand overlooks Plymouth Sound and adjoins Kingsand, formerly on the border of Devon and Cornwall (the border has since been moved and now is situated on the River Tamar). Cawsand has one public house: the Cross Keys Inn.

Cawsand is within Mount Edgcumbe Country Park. There are frequent bus services to the city of Plymouth which is three miles to the north across Plymouth Sound. There is also a ferry service in the summer (from Cawsand beach to Plymouth Hoe) and a pilot gig club (Rame Gig Club).

The Rame Peninsula is considered part of the Forgotten Corner of Cornwall.

Geology

Cawsand is the site of an extinct volcano system. Bentonite clay at Sandway Beach was formed from ash erupted from the volcano around 280 million years ago.

History

In 1596, local militia prevented an attack by Spanish forces and defences were built soon after. Cawsand Fort (at 50°19′56″N 4°12′9″W / 50.33222°N 4.20250°W / 50.33222; -4.20250) is sited just above the village. The fort is an 1860s Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom fort built on the site of a 1779 battery to mount about 10 guns to cover the western entrance to Plymouth Sound by the breakwater. Released by the Ministry of Defence in 1926, it remained derelict until it was converted into residential accommodation.

Correspondence from 1801 to 1803 shows that Admiral Nelson has stayed in Cawsand and it is rumoured that he had dined at the Ship Inn, which burned down in 2013 after several years of abandonment. The site has been cleared and is now being rebuilt by The Peninsula Trust which plans to turn the site into a cafe and affordable housing.

St Andrew's Mission Church was built in the village in 1877–78. It is a Grade II listed building.

Twinning

Cawsand village and beach - geograph.org.uk - 116444
Cawsand village and beach

Cawsand is twinned with Porspoder in Brittany, France.

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