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Charles Hermite
Charles Hermite circa 1901 edit.jpg
Charles Hermite circa 1887.
Born (1822-12-24)24 December 1822
Dieuze, Moselle
Died 14 January 1901(1901-01-14) (aged 78)
Nationality French
Alma mater
Collège Henri IV, Sorbonne
Collège Louis-le-Grand, Sorbonne
Known for Proof that e is transcendental
Hermitian adjoint
Hermitian form
Hermitian function
Hermitian matrix
Hermitian metric
Hermitian operator
Hermite polynomials
Hermitian transpose
Hermitian wavelet
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Doctoral advisor Eugène Charles Catalan
Doctoral students Léon Charve
Henri Padé
Mihailo Petrović
Henri Poincaré
Thomas Stieltjes
Jules Tannery

Charles Hermite (24 December 1822 – 14 January 1901) was a French mathematician who did research concerning number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra.

Hermite polynomials, Hermite interpolation, Hermite normal form, Hermitian operators, and cubic Hermite splines are named in his honor. One of his students was Henri Poincaré.

He was the first to prove that e, the base of natural logarithms, is a transcendental number. His methods were used later by Ferdinand von Lindemann to prove that π is transcendental.

In a letter to Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Hermite remarked, "I turn with terror and horror from this lamentable scourge of continuous functions with no derivatives."

The Hermite crater near the Moon's north pole is named in his honor.

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