Number theory facts for kids
Number theory is a part of mathematics. It explains what some types of numbers are, what properties they have, and ways that they can be useful.
Topics in number theory are:
Important theorems in number theory are:
 Chinese remainder theorem
 Fundamental theorem of arithmetic
 Fermat's last theorem
 Fermat's little theorem
Applications
A wellknown application of number theory is encrypted messaging (encryption). Data compression also makes use of the field.
 Vinogradov, I.M. (2003) [1954]. Elements of Number Theory (reprint o 1954 ed.). Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
Images for kids

Number theorists Paul Erdős and Terence Tao in 1985, when Erdős was 72 and Tao was 10.

Title page of the 1621 edition of Diophantus's Arithmetica, translated into Latin by Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac.

Carl Friedrich Gauss's Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, first edition
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Number theory Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.