Pierre de Fermat facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Pierre de Fermat



Born  Between 31 October  6 December 1607 BeaumontdeLomagne, France

Died  12 January 1665 (aged 57) 
Education  University of Orléans (LL.B., 1626) 
Known for  Contributions to number theory, analytic geometry, probability theory Folium of Descartes Fermat's principle Fermat's little theorem Fermat's Last Theorem Adequality Fermat's "difference quotient" method (See full list) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics and law 
Influences  François Viète, Gerolamo Cardano, Diophantus 
Pierre de Fermat (17 August 1601 – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, southern France, and a mathematician. Many people see him as the father of modern calculus.
His method of finding the biggest and smallest ordinates of curved lines also makes him a contributor to differential calculus, which was not known at that time. His studies in the theory of numbers give him the rank of the founder of the modern theory. He also made notable contributions to analytic geometry and probability.
He is also famous for making a simple mathematical statement (known as Fermat's Last Theorem) that he said he could prove, but he never wrote down his proof. Mathematicians tried to prove it for hundreds of years before finally managing it. Fermat probably did not really have a proof for this theorem, and only thought he did.
Images for kids

Place of burial of Pierre de Fermat in Place Jean Jaurés, Castres. Translation of the plaque: in this place was buried on January 13, 1665, Pierre de Fermat, councillor at the Chambre de l'Édit (a court established by the Edict of Nantes) and mathematician of great renown, celebrated for his theorem, an + bn ≠ cn for n>2

Holographic will handwritten by Fermat on 4 March 1660 — kept at the Departmental Archives of HauteGaronne, in Toulouse