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Charles T. Menoher
Charles T Menoher.jpg
Major General Charles T. Menoher
Born (1862-03-20)March 20, 1862
Johnstown, Pennsylvania
Died August 11, 1930(1930-08-11) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1886–1926
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 42nd Infantry Division
VI Corps
US Army Air Service
Hawaiian Department
IX Corps
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

Major General Charles Thomas Menoher (March 20, 1862 – August 11, 1930) was a U.S. Army general, first Chief of the United States Army Air Service from 1918 to 1921, and commanded the U.S. Army Hawaiian Department from 1924 to 1925.

Early life

The son of a Civil War veteran, Menoher was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania in 1862 and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1886 with a commission as an artillery officer.

Military career

Menoher served in Cuba and the Philippines during the Spanish–American War. He later graduated from the Army War College and was selected for the original General Staff Corps, where he served from 1903 to 1907. He was commander of the 5th Field Artillery Regiment from 1916 to 1917.

Portrait of Charles T. Menoher
Portrait of Charles T. Menoher

On December 19, 1917, Major General Menoher, who had been a classmate of General John J. Pershing at West Point and was an experienced officer of the field artillery, assumed command of the 42nd Division, Rainbow Division, in France during World War I. Menoher participated in the Champagne-Marne offensive and in the successful Allied offensives of Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. Menoher was succeeded by General Douglas MacArthur in this position. At war's end, Menoher commanded the VI Corps (United States) and received the Distinguished Service Medal, along with foreign awards from France, Belgium, and Italy.

Following World War I, Menoher became first Director and then Chief of Air Service, where he began a famous (and ultimately losing) conflict with his Assistant Chief, Brigadier General Billy Mitchell. He was promoted to major general in March 1921. Requesting an assignment with troops, Menoher then took command of the Hawaiian Division in 1922 before taking over the entire Hawaiian Department. After this, he commanded the IX Corps Area in San Francisco until his mandatory retirement on March 20, 1926.

Personal life

He married Nannie Pearson. They had four sons: Charles, Pearson, Darrow, and William. His three youngest sons all graduated from West Point, and served in the Army during World War II. Pearson (1892–1958), a classmate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, reached the rank of Major General during the Korean War.

Menoher later married Elizabeth Painter.

Death and legacy

Menoher died on August 11, 1930. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia.

Menoher Boulevard, a major road in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, and Menoher Drive on Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, are named after him.

Dates of rank

Insignia Rank Component Date
None Cadet United States Military Academy 1 July 1882
None in 1886 Second Lieutenant Regular Army 1 July 1886
US-O2 insignia.svg
First Lieutenant Regular Army 23 December 1892
US-O3 insignia.svg
Captain Regular Army 2 February 1901
US-O4 insignia.svg
Major Regular Army 25 January 1907
US-O5 insignia.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Regular Army 26 May 1911
US-O6 insignia.svg
Colonel Regular Army 1 July 1916
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier General National Army 5 August 1917
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General National Army 28 November 1917
(Reverted to Brigadier General on 15 February 1919.)
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier General Regular Army 7 November 1918
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Temporary 3 July 1920
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Regular Army 8 March 1921
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Retired List 20 March 1926
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