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Cincinnatus, New York facts for kids

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Cincinnatus, New York
Dairy Farm, Cincinnatus, NY
Dairy Farm, Cincinnatus, NY
Location within Cortland County and New York
Location within Cortland County and New York
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Country United States
State New York
County Cortland
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 25.48 sq mi (66.00 km2)
 • Land 25.36 sq mi (65.67 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
1,106 ft (337 m)
 • Total 1,056
 • Estimate 
 • Density 39.91/sq mi (15.41/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-023-15748
GNIS feature ID 0978827

Cincinnatus is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 1,056 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the Roman general Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus. It is in the eastern part of the county and is east of the city of Cortland.


The region was part of the Central New York Military Tract used to pay soldiers of the American Revolution. One of the townships was named Cincinnatus. Members of the Oneida tribe persisted in the town during its early history.

The town was first settled around 1795. It was one of the original six towns of Cortland County. The town was formed from the town of Solon in 1804. In 1818, Cincinnatus was split so that part of its territory was used to create the towns of Freetown, Willet, and Marathon.

Notable residents

  • Charles G. Crosse, physician and legislator
  • Adelaide Hawley Cumming, vaudeville performer and living trademark for General Mills
  • Jeremiah W. Dwight, former US congressman
  • Amos E. Germer, lawyer and legislator
  • Elmer Ambrose Sperry, inventor
  • Spiegle Willcox, jazz trombonist

Historic district

The Cincinnatus Historic District, consisting of 14 properties, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.5 square miles (66.0 km2), of which 25.4 square miles (65.7 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.51%, is water.

The east town line is the border of Chenango County.

The Otselic River valley is central to the town; the river is part of the Susquehanna River watershed.

New York State Route 26 is a north-south highway in Cincinnatus, which conjoins New York State Route 41 near the town center. New York State Route 23 intersects NY-26 south of Cincinnatus village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 885
1830 1,308 47.8%
1840 1,301 −0.5%
1850 1,206 −7.3%
1860 1,213 0.6%
1870 1,155 −4.8%
1880 1,093 −5.4%
1890 956 −12.5%
1900 912 −4.6%
1910 965 5.8%
1920 941 −2.5%
1930 901 −4.3%
1940 957 6.2%
1950 977 2.1%
1960 960 −1.7%
1970 1,080 12.5%
1980 1,151 6.6%
1990 1,122 −2.5%
2000 1,051 −6.3%
2010 1,056 0.5%
2016 (est.) 1,012 −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,051 people, 418 households, and 282 families residing in the town. The population density was 41.3 people per square mile (16.0/km2). There were 453 housing units at an average density of 17.8 per square mile (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 0.19% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.29% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.

There were 418 households, out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,014, and the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $27,222 versus $21,304 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,345. About 4.5% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Cincinnatus

  • Cincinnatus – The hamlet of Cincinnatus is in the northeast part of the town on NY-26 along the Otselic River.
  • Gee Brook – A hamlet in the south part of the town on NY Route 26.
  • Lower Cincinnatus – A hamlet south of Cincinnatus village on NY-23.
  • Taylor – A hamlet by the town line in the northeast part of the town on NY-26.
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