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Clay, Alabama
City Hall
City Hall
Location of Clay in Jefferson County, Alabama.
Location of Clay in Jefferson County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Jefferson
 • Total 11.34 sq mi (29.38 km2)
 • Land 11.28 sq mi (29.21 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.17 km2)
935 ft (285 m)
 • Total 10,291
 • Density 912.40/sq mi (352.27/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 205 & 659
FIPS code 01-15256
GNIS feature ID 0116194

Clay is a city in northeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. It is part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area in the north-central part of the state. Local government is run by a mayor and city council.

Before incorporation on June 6, 2000, it was a census-designated place (CDP). The population nearly doubled in the next decade, reaching 9,708 at the 2010 census, as it has attracted commuters to jobs in the urban areas.

The oldest church in Jefferson County, Mount Calvary Presbyterian Church, is located in Clay. The congregation has been meeting continually since 1806, when it was established by early Scots-American settlers.

On January 23, 2012, a total of 231 homes and businesses were either damaged or destroyed when an EF3 tornado passed through several subdivisions. Damage was heavy in downtown Center Point. Some of the homes were flattened. Trees were snapped and uprooted along the path and the Center Point Elementary School was damaged. A sixteen-year-old student from Jefferson County International Baccalaureate School died before reaching cover during the tornado.


Clay is located at 33°42′0″N 86°37′23″W / 33.70000°N 86.62306°W / 33.70000; -86.62306 (33.700037, -86.623032).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 10.3 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.3 square miles (27 km2) was land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.29%) was water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2000 4,947
2010 9,708 96.2%
2020 10,291 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 9,708 people, 3,574 households, and 2,780 families living in the city. The population density was 480 people per square mile (185/km2). There were 3,799 housing units at an average density of 368.8 per square mile (141.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.1% White, 13.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,574 households 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 20.0% of households were one person and 9.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.13.

The age distribution was 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% 65 or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median household income was $70,273 and the median family income was $82,911. Males had a median income of $52,800 versus $42,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,000. About 1.7% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Clay racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,560 54.03%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,766 36.6%
Native American 20 0.19%
Asian 87 0.85%
Pacific Islander 5 0.05%
Other/Mixed 449 4.36%
Hispanic or Latino 404 3.93%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 10,291 people, 3,555 households, and 2,674 families residing in the city.

Notable people

  • Clayne Crawford, actor
  • Courtney Porter, Miss Alabama 2011
  • YBN Nahmir, rapper

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Clay (Alabama) para niños

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