kids encyclopedia robot

Clinton, South Australia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Clinton
South Australia
PortClintonGeneralStore.JPG
General store
Postcode(s) 5570
Location
  • 95 km (59 mi) NW of Adelaide city centre
  • 45 km (28 mi) SE of Kadina
  • 27 km (17 mi) W of Port Wakefield
LGA(s) Yorke Peninsula Council
State electorate(s) Goyder
Federal Division(s) Grey
Localities around Clinton:
Kainton Kainton
Clinton Centre Clinton Gulf St Vincent
Winulta Price
Footnotes Distances
Coordinates
Adjoining localities

Clinton (also known as Port Clinton) is a coastal township on Yorke Peninsula, in the Australian state of South Australia. Located in the north west head of Gulf St Vincent, it is 130 km south of Port Pirie and 125 km from the Adelaide city centre.

History

The first European occupiers were leaseholder pastoralists. In 1854 in what is now the northern parts of the Hundred of Clinton, W. & A. Rogers leased 190 square kilometres (75 sq mi) at an annual rental of ten shillings per square mile. In 1860, near the centre of the Hundred, T. & W. Day leased 31 square kilometres (12 sq mi).

The Hundred of Clinton was proclaimed on 12 June 1862, comprising 350 square kilometres (137 sq mi). The port was surveyed that same year, with a jetty being erected in 1863. Surveys and closer settlement by farmers soon followed, along with land clearing of the mallee woodland.

This was an important and busy port in the 1860s and 70s, being a transfer point for goods and passengers travelling between Port Adelaide and the copper mines at Wallaroo and Moonta. That was despite the shallowness of the beach, which closed the port to larger vessels during low tide. Clinton began a gradual decline after 1878 when the railway between Wallaroo and Adelaide was completed. The jetty was dismantled in 1916.

Naming

The town was named by Dominick Daly, the Governor of South Australia after Henry Pelham F.P. Clinton, the Duke of Newcastle who served as "the Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1859 until his death in October 1864." Boundaries for the locality were created in May 1999 for the "long established name." The name Port Clinton was reported in 2013 as being a "variant" name and as being the "…incorrect name for town."

Present day

Clinton, "The Gateway to the Eastern Yorke Peninsula" is a 1.5 hour drive from the capital of South Australia, Adelaide.

Having a boat ramp, Clinton is popular for trailer boating. It has a safe beach for children, along with recreational fishing and crabbing areas. Raking for blue swimmer crabs is done on the extensive mud flats at low tide. As a result, since the 1950s the township has attracted the construction of beach and holiday houses.

The Port Clinton Community and Sports Club was formed by a group of local men whose wives were tired of them cooking their catches of Blue Swimmer Crabs in the household kitchen.

Accommodation in the town is varied and includes the Beach Front Caravan and Cabin Park and various holiday rentals. Shopping is available at the Local General Store and in the township of Ardrossan a 23 km down the road.

The rural land surrounding Clinton is primarily used for dry grain farming of wheat and barley, with some sheep grazing.

kids search engine
Clinton, South Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.