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Coleman
Unincorporated community
Coleman, Alberta.jpg
Coleman is located in the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass
Coleman
Coleman
Location in the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass
Coleman is located in Alberta
Coleman
Coleman
Location in Alberta
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Specialized municipality Municipality of Crowsnest Pass
Village January 11, 1904
Town September 10, 1910
Amalgamated January 1, 1979
Government
 • Type Unincorporated
Area
 • Land 1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi)
Elevation
1,320 m (4,330 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total 1,441
 • Density 724.1/km2 (1,875/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)

Coleman is a community in the Rocky Mountains within the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass in southwest Alberta, Canada. It was formerly incorporated as a town prior to 1979 when it amalgamated with four other municipalities to form Crowsnest Pass.

Coleman is located in Census Division No. 15 and in the riding of Macleod. It is served by Highway 3 (Crowsnest Highway) and the Canadian Pacific Railway.

History

In 1903 a new townsite was laid out a few kilometres west of Blairmore, Alberta, to service a new coal mine operated by the International Coal and Coke Company. Initial names of Paulson’s Camp or McGillivray Hill were rejected by the post office, settling on Coleman (after the mothers maiden name of the president and mine owner A. C. Flumerfelt's wife, Ada and the middle name of his youngest daughter, Norma Coleman Flumerfelt) in 1904. A feature of the town was the mine’s 100 (later 216) coke ovens located at the edge of town, which operated from 1906 to 1952. The town grew rapidly, surpassing its neighbour Blairmore as the largest in the region. Coleman boasted a successful opera house from 1908 until it burned down in 1948.

Coleman persevered through strikes (1911 and 1932), floods (1923 and 1942) and fires (1948). As the coal mines in the region gradually closed, Coleman's commercial importance waned in favour of Blairmore. Coleman amalgamated with four other municipalities to form the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass in 1979.

Coleman's coal mining heritage is evident in its several historic buildings, a regional museum, the ruins of its coal plant and coke ovens, several nearby abandoned mines and the "biggest piggy bank in the world" made from a 36-inch (910 mm) gauge air driven thermos bottle mine locomotive.

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population, the urban population centre of Coleman, as delineated by Statistics Canada, recorded a population of &&&&&&&&&&&01441.&&&&&01,441 living in &&&&&&&&&&&&0722.&&&&&0722 of its &&&&&&&&&&&&0907.&&&&&0907 total private dwellings, a change of -2.3% from its 2016 population of &&&&&&&&&&&01475.&&&&&01,475. With a land area of 1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi), it had a population density of 724.1/km2 (1,875/sq mi) in 2021.

As a population centre in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Coleman recorded a population of 1,475 living in 696 of its 891 total private dwellings, an 8% change from its 2011 population of 1,366. With a land area of 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi), it had a population density of 748.7/km2 (1,939/sq mi) in 2016.

Population history
of Coleman
Year 1906 1911 1916 1921 1926 1931 1936 1941 1946 1951 1956 1961 1966 1971 1976 2011 2016 2021
Pop. 915 1,557 1,559 1,590 2,044 1,704 2,129 1,870 1,809 1,961 1,568 1,713 1,507 1,534 1,543 1,366 1,475 1,441
±% —     +70.2% +0.1% +2.0% +28.6% −16.6% +24.9% −12.2% −3.3% +8.4% −20.0% +9.2% −12.0% +1.8% +0.6% −11.5% +8.0% −2.3%
Source: Statistics Canada

Climate

Climate data for Coleman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
13.9
(57)
18.3
(64.9)
25.6
(78.1)
29.0
(84.2)
30.0
(86)
35.0
(95)
34.0
(93.2)
32.0
(89.6)
26.0
(78.8)
16.0
(60.8)
13.5
(56.3)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) -1.6
(29.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
9.5
(49.1)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.8
(73)
17.0
(62.6)
10.2
(50.4)
1.4
(34.5)
-3.0
(26.6)
9.7
(49.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) -6.4
(20.5)
-5.0
(23)
-0.8
(30.6)
3.6
(38.5)
7.9
(46.2)
11.8
(53.2)
14.3
(57.7)
14.3
(57.7)
9.5
(49.1)
4.6
(40.3)
-2.7
(27.1)
-7.4
(18.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) -11.3
(11.7)
-10.1
(13.8)
-6.2
(20.8)
-2.4
(27.7)
1.3
(34.3)
4.9
(40.8)
6.5
(43.7)
5.7
(42.3)
2.0
(35.6)
-1.1
(30)
-6.8
(19.8)
-11.9
(10.6)
-2.4
(27.7)
Record low °C (°F) -39.4
(-38.9)
-37.5
(-35.5)
-37.2
(-35)
-24.4
(-11.9)
-8.3
(17.1)
-5.6
(21.9)
-3.3
(26.1)
-7.0
(19.4)
-11.0
(12.2)
-27.0
(-16.6)
-37.0
(-34.6)
-41.1
(-42)
-41.1
(-42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 34.8
(1.37)
37.1
(1.461)
38.6
(1.52)
39.8
(1.567)
69.6
(2.74)
70.2
(2.764)
62.6
(2.465)
43.7
(1.72)
45.9
(1.807)
46.4
(1.827)
56.2
(2.213)
37.3
(1.469)
582.1
(22.917)
Rainfall mm (inches) 12.7
(0.5)
10.8
(0.425)
13.0
(0.512)
23.0
(0.906)
60.8
(2.394)
70.2
(2.764)
62.6
(2.465)
43.2
(1.701)
44.3
(1.744)
32.8
(1.291)
22.4
(0.882)
9.2
(0.362)
404.8
(15.937)
Snowfall cm (inches) 22.1
(8.7)
26.4
(10.39)
25.6
(10.08)
16.7
(6.57)
8.8
(3.46)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.2)
1.7
(0.67)
13.6
(5.35)
33.9
(13.35)
28.1
(11.06)
177.3
(69.8)
Source: Environment Canada

Notable people

  • Joe Kryczka, Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta, president of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association
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