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Conneaut, Ohio
Aerial view of the port at Conneaut
Aerial view of the port at Conneaut
Official seal of Conneaut, Ohio
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Life's Just Better Here!"
Location of Conneaut, Ohio
Location of Conneaut, Ohio
Location of Conneaut in Ashtabula County
Location of Conneaut in Ashtabula County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ashtabula
Settled 1799
Incorporated 1834 (village)
1902 (city)
Area
 • Total 26.50 sq mi (68.64 km2)
 • Land 26.44 sq mi (68.47 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Elevation
646 ft (197 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 12,841
 • Estimate 
(2021)
12,613
 • Density 473.97/sq mi (183.00/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44030
Area code(s) 440 Exchanges: 593.599
FIPS code 39-18350
GNIS feature ID 1077521
Website www.conneautohio.gov

Conneaut ( kon-EE-awt) is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States, along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek 66 miles (106 km) northeast of Cleveland. The population was 12,841 at the 2010 Census. Conneaut is located at the far northeastern corner of the state.

History

Main Street, Conneaut, Ohio
Main Street in 1909

Conneaut is located on an old Native American trail, later used by early westbound pioneers. The word conneaut comes from the Seneca language, and has a disputed meaning. A Mississauga village was located at or near Conneaut, c. 1747. Conneaut was originally named Salem, and the parts surrounding it were named "Lakeville" from 1944–1964, though these were eventually combined into what is now known as "Conneaut". People still refer to parts of Conneaut as Lakeville or Amboy.

Conneaut was described in 1833 as having a printing office, one meeting house, two taverns, and several stores and shops.

On March 27, 1953 a three-train collision near Conneaut resulted in the deaths of 21 persons.

Geography

Conneaut is located at 41°57′N 80°34′W / 41.950°N 80.567°W / 41.950; -80.567 (41.9433, -80.5695). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.43 square miles (68.45 km2), of which 26.36 square miles (68.27 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water. Conneaut is situated along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek.

Conneaut is located in the northeastern-most corner of Ohio, bordering the state of Pennsylvania to the east and has 27 square miles (70 km2) within its corporate city limits.

Conneaut is a mixture of urban areas and rural farmland. The city has over seven miles (11 km) of shoreline along Lake Erie, with beaches, boating facilities and a healthy summer tourist trade.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,642
1850 818 −69.0%
1860 1,952 138.6%
1870 1,163 −40.4%
1880 1,256 8.0%
1890 3,241 158.0%
1900 7,133 120.1%
1910 8,319 16.6%
1920 9,343 12.3%
1930 9,691 3.7%
1940 9,355 −3.5%
1950 10,230 9.4%
1960 10,567 3.3%
1970 14,552 37.7%
1980 13,839 −4.9%
1990 13,241 −4.3%
2000 12,485 −5.7%
2010 12,841 2.9%
2019 (est.) 12,530 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,841 people, 4,740 households, and 3,034 families living in the city. The population density was 487.1 inhabitants per square mile (188.1/km2). There were 5,702 housing units at an average density of 216.3 per square mile (83.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.8% White, 7.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 4,740 households, of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.4% male and 45.6% female.

Transportation

Transportation services Conneaut via Interstate 90, which bisects the city, along with an international shipping port and three railroads.

Gallery

  • Ashtabula County Genealogical Society. 1985. Ashtabula County history, then and now : a history of the people of the county. Dallas: Taylor Publishing.
  • Biographical history of northeastern Ohio : embracing the counties of Ashtabula, Geauga and Lake. 1893. Chicago: Lewis Publishing.
  • Borsvald, David. 2003. Railroading in Conneaut, Ohio. Images of Rail. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738523460)
  • Clark, Rev. Rufus. 1880. Early History of South Ridge. Published in the Conneaut Reporter starting c. 22 January 1880; Reprint, 1985, Ashtabula County Genealogical Society.
  • Large, Moina M. 1924. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio. 2 vols. Indianapolis, IN: Historical Publishing Co.
  • Owens, David B. 2010. Conneaut. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738577319)
  • Williams, William W. 1878. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio, with illustration and biographical sketches of its pioneers and most prominent men. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott. (Reprint, 1974, Ashtabula Genealogical Society; 1993, Higginson Book Company)

Economy

Major industries within the city include CSP of Ohio (formerly Venture Industries), General Aluminum (automotive parts), and CW Ohio (windows and pillars). The city's historic business district and its harbor business district are not as thriving as in the past. A few of the main businesses that anchor the downtown are Gerdes Pharmacy and Orlando Brothers grocery store. From 1944 until 2000, the Astatic Corporation was a major manufacturer of microphones. Astatic merged CAD (Conneaut Audio Devices) in 2000 which continues to produce microphones. Conneaut is also home to the Lake Erie Correctional Institution, which has a total staff of 295 employees as of February 2020. The port of Conneaut, Ohio is the loading point for train cars bearing iron ore for Pittsburgh area steel mills, including the Edgar Thomson Works.

Notable people

  • Laura Boulton, eminent ethnologist, anthropologist and film-maker
  • Mary L. Doe, first president of Michigan State Equal Suffrage Association
  • Mildred Gillars, American radio personality (Axis Sally) during World War II, best known for her propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany
  • Osee M. Hall, U.S. House Representative from Minnesota
  • Joseph Russell Jones, appointed by Ulysses S. Grant as Minister Resident to Belgium
  • Larry Kelley, football player for Yale University, second winner of Heisman Trophy
  • Jean Lovell, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player
  • John P. McGoorty, Illinois judge and staterepresentative
  • Mike Palagyi, MLB pitcher for Washington Senators
  • John R. Pillion, Republican member of U.S. House of Representatives from New York
  • George Morton Randall, United States Army general
  • Mason A. Thayer, Republican member of Wisconsin State Assembly
  • Doug Tompkins, co-founder of North Face and Esprit

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