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Derby Line
Haskell Free Library and Opera House
Haskell Free Library and Opera House
Location of the town of Derby in which the village is located.
Location of the town of Derby in which the village is located.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Orleans County
Town Derby
Organized June 16, 1977
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Land 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
1,056 ft (322 m)
 • Total 776
 • Density 1,057.5/sq mi (408.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 802 Exchange: 873
FIPS code 50-17500
GNIS feature ID 1457154

Derby Line is an incorporated village in the town of Derby in Orleans County, Vermont, United States, slightly north of the 45th parallel, the normal U.S.-Canada boundary. The population was 776 at the 2000 census.

The village is located on the Canada–United States border and is contiguous with the district of Rock Island in the town of Stanstead, Quebec.

Notable buildings include the Haskell Free Library and Opera House.


The village was incorporated in 1791. It lies on an elevation at the far north of Derby, which was chartered on October 29, 1779 and first settled in 1795. By 1859, the area was noted for the beauty of its farmhouses and luxuriant farmland, set before the distant vista of Lake Memphremagog and the Green Mountains.

Because of an erratic survey, the border separating Canada from the United States was drawn incorrectly by the surveyors in the 18th century, above the 45th parallel which was the agreed boundary. Derby Line was founded based on that line, above the 45th parallel. The boundary was confirmed by the Webster–Ashburton Treaty in 1842.

Derby Line is known for the Haskell Free Library and Opera House, deliberately constructed on the international border and opened in 1904. The donors were a binational couple: Carlos F. Haskell was a local American businessman who owned a number of sawmills, while Martha Stewart Haskell was Canadian. The intent was that people on both sides of the border would have use of the facility, which is now a designated historic site. Patrons of the library from either side of the border may use the facility without going through border security.

A tool-and-die factory, once operated by the Butterfield division of Litton Industries, is divided in two by the border. The factory in Canada closed in 1982 after a lengthy strike by Canadian workers. The factory in Derby Line is open. It was bought in 1988 by Group Tivoly, a cutting tools company based in France.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land.

There are ramifications of living directly on the border of another country. For example, the US Border Patrol expressed a desire to close off streets which have historically run together with those of Stanstead. They are concerned about illegal immigration. In 2007, the village met with the Mayor and Council of Stanstead in joint session in Québec, to be addressed by the authorities. That is, the village trustee meeting was held in a foreign country, following Vermont procedural rules.

In some places, the international border runs through individual homes, so that meals prepared in one country are eaten in the other.

A telephone call between Derby Line, Vermont and Rock Island, Québec is local.


Largest ancestries (2000) Percent
American United States 17.6%
English England 17.0%
French Canadian France Canada 16.0%
Irish Republic of Ireland 15.5%
French France 13.1%
Italian Italy 7.4%
German Germany 4.4%
Scottish Scotland 2.3%
Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 309
1910 390 26.2%
1920 640 64.1%
1930 683 6.7%
1940 661 −3.2%
1950 767 16.0%
1960 849 10.7%
1970 834 −1.8%
1980 874 4.8%
1990 855 −2.2%
2000 776 −9.2%
2010 673 −13.3%
Est. 2015 651 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 776 people, 329 households, and 225 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,057.5/sq mi (408.3/km2). There were 364 housing units at an average density of 496.0 per square mile (192.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.78% White, 0.39% African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.64% Asian, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.13% of the population.

There were 329 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the village, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

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