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Elma, Washington
Location of Elma, Washington
Location of Elma, Washington
Country United States
State Washington
County Grays Harbor
Area
 • Total 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Land 1.89 sq mi (4.90 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
49 ft (15 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,107
 • Estimate 
(2015)
3,034
 • Density 1,643.9/sq mi (634.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98541
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-21450
GNIS feature ID 1512188
Website www.cityofelma.com

Elma is a city in Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States. The population was 3,107 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Elma is located at 47°0′20″N 123°24′23″W / 47.00556°N 123.40639°W / 47.00556; -123.40639 (47.005648, -123.406268).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.92 square miles (4.97 km2), of which, 1.89 square miles (4.90 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elma has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.

Climate data for Elma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
73
(22.8)
80
(26.7)
89
(31.7)
99
(37.2)
101
(38.3)
105
(40.6)
103
(39.4)
100
(37.8)
91
(32.8)
74
(23.3)
66
(18.9)
105
(40.6)
Average high °F (°C) 46.4
(8)
51
(10.6)
54.9
(12.72)
60.8
(16)
67.2
(19.56)
71.6
(22)
76.9
(24.94)
77.3
(25.17)
73.4
(23)
63.1
(17.28)
52.2
(11.22)
46.9
(8.28)
61.8
(16.56)
Average low °F (°C) 33.2
(0.67)
34.3
(1.28)
35.5
(1.94)
38.4
(3.56)
43
(6.1)
47.5
(8.61)
50.5
(10.28)
50.7
(10.39)
47
(8.3)
41.6
(5.33)
36.8
(2.67)
34.3
(1.28)
41.1
(5.06)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(-17.8)
4
(-15.6)
15
(-9.4)
22
(-5.6)
25
(-3.9)
31
(-0.6)
37
(2.8)
33
(0.6)
28
(-2.2)
15
(-9.4)
4
(-15.6)
2
(-16.7)
0
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 10.23
(259.8)
7.7
(196)
7.29
(185.2)
4.8
(122)
2.82
(71.6)
2.17
(55.1)
1.03
(26.2)
1.46
(37.1)
2.65
(67.3)
6.37
(161.8)
10.29
(261.4)
10.74
(272.8)
67.55
(1,715.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.6
(6.6)
1.1
(2.8)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
1
(3)
5.8
(14.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 21 18 20 17 13 11 6 7 10 16 21 22 182

History

First settled in 1853 by D.F. Byles, Elma was later named for Union soldier Elmer Brown. The city of Elma was incorporated on March 22, 1888.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 345
1900 894 159.1%
1910 1,532 71.4%
1920 1,253 −18.2%
1930 1,545 23.3%
1940 1,370 −11.3%
1950 1,543 12.6%
1960 1,811 17.4%
1970 2,227 23.0%
1980 2,720 22.1%
1990 3,011 10.7%
2000 3,049 1.3%
2010 3,107 1.9%
Est. 2015 3,034 −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,107 people, 1,209 households, and 788 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,643.9 inhabitants per square mile (634.7/km2). There were 1,307 housing units at an average density of 691.5 per square mile (267.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.8% White, 1.0% African American, 2.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population.

There were 1,209 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,049 people, 1,195 households, and 764 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.6 people per square mile (700.7/km²). There were 1,330 housing units at an average density of 790.7 per square mile (305.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.98% White, 0.59% African American, 1.31% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 1.64% from other races, and 3.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.64% of the population.

There were 1,195 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,031, and the median income for a family was $36,638. Males had a median income of $38,929 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,629. About 13.9% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

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