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Emperor Kameyama facts for kids

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Emperor of Japan
Emperor Kameyama cropped.jpg
Reign 1259–1274
Born 9 July 1249
Died 4 October 1305 (aged 56)
Buried Kameyama no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Go-Fukakusa
Successor Go-Uda

Emperor Kameyama (亀山天皇 , Kameyama-tennō) (9 July 1249 – 4 October 1305), was the 90th emperor of Japan, in the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 1259 and ended in 1274.

Traditional history

Before he became the monarch, his personal name (imina) was Tsunehito-shinnō (恒仁親王 ). The posthumous name of Kameyama comes from the place name of the emperor's tomb, in a section of Kyoto.

He was the seventh son of Emperor Go-Saga and the younger brother of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.

Kameyama was the father of 36 children, including the son and heir who became Emperor Go-Uda.

Events of Kameyama's life

  • 1258 (Shōka 2): Kameyama's son, Prince Tsunehito was named Crown Prince and heir at age nine.
  • 1259 (Shōgen 1, 11th month): In the 14th year of Go-Fukakusa's reign, he abdicated. Go-Fukakusa's younger brother got the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Kameyama accepted the monarch's role, duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
  • 1268 (Bun'ei 5): Kameyama did not answer a letter from Kublai Khan which demanded tribute. Khan, the leader of China, saw this non-response as rude and not respectful.
  • 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 1st month): In the 15th year of Kameyama's reign, he abdicated.
  • 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Yuan China (Kublai Khan) sent a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. This was the "Battle of Bun'ei" or the 1st Mongol Invasion. The same day, a storm sank many of the ships with the main part of the invading army. The invaders ran away to Korea. During the short fight, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground.
  • 1281 (Kōan 4): This is called the "Battle of Kōan" or the 2nd Mongol Invasion. A typhoon broke up the invading fleet; and this act of 'divine wind' was called kamekaze.
  • 1291 (Shōō 4): Kameyama helped to found the Buddhist temple Nanzen-ji in Kyōto.
Kameyama misasagi
The designated Imperial mausoleum (misasagi) of Emperor Kameyama at Kyoto.
  • 1305 (Kagen 3): Kameyama died.

After his death

The Imperial Household Agency say the mausoleum (misasagi) of Kameyama is in Kyoto. The emperor is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine there.

Eras of reign

The years of Kameyama's reign cover more than one era name.

Related pages

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Fukakusa
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Uda

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