Emperor Kameyama facts for kids

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Kameyama
Emperor of Japan
Emperor Kameyama
Reign 1259–1274
Born 9 July 1249
Died 4 October 1305 (aged 56)
Buried Kameyama no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Go-Fukakusa
Successor Go-Uda

Emperor Kameyama (亀山天皇 Kameyama-tennō) (9 July 1249 – 4 October 1305), was the 90th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 1259 and ended in 1274.

Traditional history

Before he became the monarch, his personal name (imina) was Tsunehito-shinnō (恒仁親王). The posthumous name of Kameyama comes from the location of the emperor's tomb in a section of Kyoto.

He was the seventh son of Emperor Go-Saga and the younger brother of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.

Kameyama was the father of 36 children, including the son and heir who would come to be known as Emperor Go-Uda.

Events of Kameyama's life

  • 1259 (Shōgen 1, 11th month): In the 14th year of Go-Fukakusa's reign, he abdicated. Go-Fukakusa's younger brother received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Kameyama accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
  • 1268 (Bun'ei 5): A letter from Kublai Khan demanding tribute was unanswered. The leader of China interpreted this non-response as disrespectful and discourteous.
  • 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 1st month): In the 15th year of Kameyama's reign, he abdicated.
  • 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Yuan China (Kublai Khan) sends a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces are landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. This is called the "Battle of Bun'ei" or the 1st Mongol Invasion. The same day, a storm sinks many of the ships with the major part of the invading army. The invaders retreat to Korea. During the brief fighting, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground.
  • 1281 (Kōan 4): This is called the "Battle of Kōan" or the 2nd Mongol Invasion. A typhoon destroyed the invading fleet; and the intervention of the divine wind is called "kamekaze.
  • 1291 (Shōō 4): Kameyama helped establish the Buddhist temple Nanzen-ji in Kyōto.
Kameyama misasagi
The designated Imperial mausoleum (misasagi) of Emperor Kameyama at Kyoto.
  • 1305 (Kagen 3): The former emperor died.

After his death

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Kameyama is in Kyoto. The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at this location.

Eras of reign

The years of Kameyama's reign include more than one era name.

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