Emperor Kameyama facts for kids
|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||9 July 1249|
|Died||4 October 1305 (aged 56)|
|Buried||Kameyama no Misasagi (Kyoto)|
He was the seventh son of Emperor Go-Saga and the younger brother of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.
Kameyama was the father of 36 children, including the son and heir who became Emperor Go-Uda.
Events of Kameyama's life
- 1258 (Shōka 2): Kameyama's son, Prince Tsunehito was named Crown Prince and heir at age nine.
- 1259 (Shōgen 1, 11th month): In the 14th year of Go-Fukakusa's reign, he abdicated. Go-Fukakusa's younger brother got the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Kameyama accepted the monarch's role, duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 1268 (Bun'ei 5): Kameyama did not answer a letter from Kublai Khan which demanded tribute. Khan, the leader of China, saw this non-response as rude and not respectful.
- 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 1st month): In the 15th year of Kameyama's reign, he abdicated.
- 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Yuan China (Kublai Khan) sent a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. This was the "Battle of Bun'ei" or the 1st Mongol Invasion. The same day, a storm sank many of the ships with the main part of the invading army. The invaders ran away to Korea. During the short fight, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground.
- 1281 (Kōan 4): This is called the "Battle of Kōan" or the 2nd Mongol Invasion. A typhoon broke up the invading fleet; and this act of 'divine wind' was called kamekaze.
- 1291 (Shōō 4): Kameyama helped to found the Buddhist temple Nanzen-ji in Kyōto.
- 1305 (Kagen 3): Kameyama died.
After his death
Eras of reign
The years of Kameyama's reign cover more than one era name.
|Emperor of Japan
Images for kids
Emperor Kameyama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.