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Faiyum

الفيوم
مركب وحيد.jpg
QasrQarunFacade.jpg الطبيعة الساحرة.jpg Valley whales in Fayoum.jpg
Clockwise from top:
a fishing boat on Lake Qarun, Whale Valley, trees fighting desertification, Sobek Temple
Country  Egypt
Governorate Faiyum
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total 349,883
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)

Faiyum (Arabic: الفيوم ; Coptic:  ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ or Ⲫⲓⲱⲙ ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ or Ⲫⲓⲱⲙ) is a city in the Middle of Egypt. It is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Cairo. The city is located in the Faiyum Oasis, and it is the capital of Faiyum Governorate. The city was called Shedet in Ancient Egypt. When the Greeks took Egypt, they called it Crocodilopolis or Krocodilopolis. the Romans called it Arsinoë. It is one of Egypt's oldest cities, and it has a strategic location.

Climate

Climate data for Faiyum
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
36
(97)
41
(106)
43
(109)
46
(115)
41
(106)
43
(109)
39
(102)
40
(104)
36
(97)
30
(86)
46
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
29
(84)
33.6
(92.5)
35.5
(95.9)
36.1
(97)
35.8
(96.4)
33.2
(91.8)
30.7
(87.3)
25.7
(78.3)
20.4
(68.7)
28.66
(83.59)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.1
(80.8)
28.2
(82.8)
28.1
(82.6)
25.7
(78.3)
23.1
(73.6)
18.6
(65.5)
13.5
(56.3)
20.88
(69.58)
Average low °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.5
(41.9)
8.2
(46.8)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
18.2
(64.8)
15.6
(60.1)
11.6
(52.9)
6.6
(43.9)
13.13
(55.64)
Record low °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
16
(61)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
11
(52)
4
(39)
4
(39)
-17.8
Precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
7
(0.28)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org'
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures

Main sights

  • Hawara, archeological site 27 kilometres (17 mi) from the city
  • Lahun Pyramids, 4 kilometres (2 mi) outside the city
  • Qaitbay Mosque, in the city. the wife of the Mamluk Sultan Qaitbay built it.
  • Qasr Qarun, 44 kilometres (27 mi) from the city
  • Wadi Elrayan or Wadi Rayan, the largest waterfalls in Egypt, around 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the city
  • Wadi Al-Hitan or Valley of whales, It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Images for kids

Related pages

  • Fayum towns and their papyri, edited with translations and notes by Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt at the Internet Archive

. 148 pages, public domain.

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