First Austrian Republic facts for kids

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Republic of Austria

Republik Österreich
1919–1934
Anthem: Deutschösterreich, du herrliches Land
"German Austria, you wonderful country"
Capital Vienna
Common languages German
Religion
Roman Catholic
Government Republic
President  
• 1919–1920
Karl Seitz
• 1920–1928
Michael Hainisch
• 1928–1934
Wilhelm Miklas
Chancellor  
• 1919–1920
Karl Renner (first)
• 1932–1934
Engelbert Dollfuss (last)
Legislature Reichsrat
• Upper Chamber
Herrenhaus
• Lower Chamber
Abgeordnetenhaus
Historical era Interwar period
21 October 1919
• July Revolt
15 July 1927
• Austrian Civil War
12 February 1934
• May Constitution
1 May 1934
Currency Austrian Krone,
(1919–1924)
Austrian Schilling
(1924–1934)
ISO 3166 code AT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of German-Austria
Burgenland
Federal State of Austria

The Republic of Austria is the period of Austrian history after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye of September 1919. It went through the settlement after the end of World War I which put an end to the Republic of German-Austria. It continued up to World War II. Austria was a de-facto republic, but its official name was the Federal State of Austria.

This period was had a lot of conflict between the left and the right. The July Revolt of 1927 was an example. The Constitution of Austria was started in 1920 and changed in 1929. The Federal State (sometimes called the First Republic) came to an end with the Anschluss to Nazi Germany in 1938. Some people say the end came with the start of the Austro-fascist dictatorship in 1933/34 following the Austrian Civil War.

Coordinates: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.2°N 16.367°E / 48.2; 16.367


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First Austrian Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.