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Freeport, Texas
Motto(s): 
"Where Fun Happens"
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Brazoria County Freeport.svg
Freeport, Texas is located in Texas
Freeport, Texas
Freeport, Texas
Location in Texas
Freeport, Texas is located in the United States
Freeport, Texas
Freeport, Texas
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Texas
County Brazoria
Incorporated February 10, 1917
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 17.70 sq mi (45.84 km2)
 • Land 15.40 sq mi (39.88 km2)
 • Water 2.30 sq mi (5.96 km2)
Elevation
5 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 12,049
 • Estimate 
(2019)
12,136
 • Density 788.15/sq mi (304.31/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
77541-77542
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-27420
GNIS feature ID 1357720

Freeport is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, located on the Gulf of Mexico. According to the 2010 census, the city population was 12,136, up from 12,049 in 2010.

History

Freeport Sulphur No. 2
Freeport Sulphur No.6 entering Freeport harbor, 1923

Freeport was founded as a European-American settlement in November 1912 by the Freeport Sulphur Company. The population was 300. However, by 1929, that population had grown to 3,500, and to 4,100 by 1939, influencing a steady increase of economic expansion in Freeport.

By 1937, a Freeport School District had been established, consisting of several segregated schools and 27 teachers. There were two white schools, one black school, and a white high school.

Freeport's most substantial economic growth began with the construction of Dow Chemical Company facilities in the city during 1939. This company is the community's largest employer. Freeport has the company's largest single manufacturing site in the 21st century. In 1942 the company acquired 5,000 acres outside of town at the Abner Jackson Plantation, and developed it as a company community, now known as Lake Jackson, Texas. It was planned and designed by Michigan architect Alden B. Dow, son of the founder of Dow Chemical.

In July 1957, Freeport merged with Velasco, Texas. This had been a temporary capital of the Republic of Texas during the 19th century. Soon thereafter, Freeport's population numbered 11,619. In 2003, the city annexed nearby Bryan Beach.

Geography

Freeport is located in southern Brazoria County at 28°57′34″N 95°21′25″W / 28.95944°N 95.35694°W / 28.95944; -95.35694 (28.959527, -95.356941), near the mouth of the Brazos River in the Gulf of Mexico. In 2003, the city annexed 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of beach bounded on the northeast by the village of Quintana and continuing southwest to the mouth of the Brazos River. This beach is known as Bryan Beach. It is just a few miles away from Surfside and Quintana beaches.

Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, leads north from Freeport 17 miles (27 km) to Angleton, the county seat, and 61 miles (98 km) to downtown Houston. Texas State Highway 36 leads northwest 15 miles (24 km) to Brazoria.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Freeport has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.2 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (38.7 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2), or 12.36%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,798
1930 3,162 75.9%
1940 2,579 −18.4%
1950 6,012 133.1%
1960 11,619 93.3%
1970 11,997 3.3%
1980 13,444 12.1%
1990 11,389 −15.3%
2000 12,708 11.6%
2010 12,049 −5.2%
2019 (est.) 12,136 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

According to the census numbers as of 2016, there were 12,153 people, 3,788 households with an average of 3.17 persons per household. The median gross rent was $711.00 and the owner-occupied housing rate was 49.5%. The racial makeup of the city was 33.2% non-Hispanic White, 13.9% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 20.91% from other races, and 3.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.0% of the population. Languages spoken in the household other than English is 49.4%.

The mean travel time to work for workers age 16+ was 15.2 minutes. In 2012, there were approximately 1,230 businesses in Freeport with women owning 552.

In the city, the median age for females is 29 years old and for males is 28. 34.1% of the population is 18 years of age or younger.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,044. The per capita income for the city was $17,707. About 27.5% of families were below the poverty line.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Freeport has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.




Economy

Port Freeport is a seaport on the Gulf of Mexico and is currently ranked 26th in international tonnage. The associated chemical plants provide a stable economy. Freeport is the site of the Dow Chemical Company's Texas Operations facility, which is the company's largest integrated site.

Education

Brazosport High School
Brazosport High School

Public education

Schools in Freeport include Brazosport High School (Grades 9–12), Freeport Intermediate School (Grades 7–8), Lanier Middle School (Grades 5–6), Freeport Elementary, and Velasco Elementary School (Grades Pre-K–4). They are all maintained through Brazosport Independent School District.

  • The $19.2 million Freeport Elementary facility opened in 2018. VLK Architects designed the building. The student capacity is 750.
  • Velasco Elementary was a Kindergarten through grade 4 school until 2017, when it became a grade 2–4 school for all of Freeport. Grades K–1 were moved to O. A. Fleming Elementary, which was scheduled to close in 2018 and be replaced by Freeport Elementary.

Previously Freeport had O.A. Fleming Elementary School (PK–1), and Jane Long Elementary School (grades 2–4). Jane Long was scheduled to close in 2017, with Fleming taking grades K–1 and Velasco Elementary taking over grades 2–4. Fleming was scheduled to close when the new Freeport Elementary School opened in 2018.

Tertiary education

It is within the zone for Brazosport College. The Texas Legislature designated the Brazosport ISD as in the Brazosport College zone.

Libraries

The Freeport Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Freeport (Texas) para niños

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