Freeport, Texas facts for kids

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Freeport, Texas
City
Motto: "Where Fun Happens"
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Brazoria County Freeport.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Brazoria
Incorporated February 10, 1917
Area
 • Total 17.1 sq mi (44.2 km2)
 • Land 14.9 sq mi (38.7 km2)
 • Water 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
Elevation 5 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,049
 • Density 806/sq mi (311.1/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77541-77542
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-27420
GNIS feature ID 1357720
Website www.freeport.tx.us

Freeport is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, located on the Gulf of Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 12,049, down from 12,708 in 2000.

History

See also: Velasco, Texas
Freeport Sulphur No. 2
Freeport Sulphur No.6 entering Freeport harbor, 1923

Freeport was founded as a European-American settlement in November 1912 by the Freeport Sulphur Company. The population was 300. However, by 1929, that population had grown to 3,500, and to 4,100 by 1939, influencing a steady increase of economic expansion in Freeport.

By 1937, a Freeport School District had been established, consisting of several segregated schools and 27 teachers. There were two white schools, one black school, and a white high school.

Freeport's most substantial economic growth began with the construction of Dow Chemical Company facilities in the city during 1939. This company is the community's largest employer. Freeport has the company's largest single manufacturing site in the 21st century. In 1942 the company acquired 5,000 acres outside of town at the Abner Jackson Plantation, and developed it as a company community, now known as Lake Jackson, Texas. It was planned and designed by Michigan architect Alden B. Dow, son of the founder of Dow Chemical.

In July 1957, Freeport merged with Velasco, Texas. This had been a temporary capital of the Republic of Texas during the 19th century. Soon thereafter, Freeport's population numbered 11,619. In 2003, the city annexed nearby Bryan Beach.

Geography

Freeport is located in southern Brazoria County at 28°57′34″N 95°21′25″W / 28.95944°N 95.35694°W / 28.95944; -95.35694 (28.959527, -95.356941), near the mouth of the Brazos River in the Gulf of Mexico. In 2003, the city annexed 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of beach bounded on the northeast by the village of Quintana and continuing southwest to the mouth of the Brazos River. This beach is known as Bryan Beach. It is just a few miles away from Surfside and Quintana beaches.

Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, leads north from Freeport 17 miles (27 km) to Angleton, the county seat, and 61 miles (98 km) to downtown Houston. Texas State Highway 36 leads northwest 15 miles (24 km) to Brazoria.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Freeport has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.2 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (38.7 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2), or 12.36%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,798
1930 3,162 75.9%
1940 2,579 −18.4%
1950 6,012 133.1%
1960 11,619 93.3%
1970 11,997 3.3%
1980 13,444 12.1%
1990 11,389 −15.3%
2000 12,708 11.6%
2010 12,049 −5.2%
Est. 2015 12,154 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,708 people, 4,163 households, and 3,097 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,069.6 people per square mile (413.0/km²). There were 4,841 housing units at an average density of 407.5 per square mile (157.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 33.2% White, 13.9% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 20.91% from other races, and 3.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.0% of the population.

There were 4,163 households out of which 45.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.59.

In the city, the population was spread out with 35.7% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,245, and the median income for a family was $32,421. Males had a median income of $30,714 versus $17,028 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,426. About 22.3% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Freeport has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


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