Gilpin County, Colorado facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Gilpin County, Colorado
Seal of Gilpin County, Colorado
Map

Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the USA highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 1, 1861
Seat Central City
Largest City Central City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

150 sq mi (388 km²)
150 sq mi (388 km²)
0.4 sq mi (1 km²), 0.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

5,828
36/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: www.co.gilpin.co.us
Named for: William Gilpin

Gilpin County is the second-least extensive of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado, behind only the City and County of Broomfield. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,441. The county seat is Central City. The county was formed in 1861, while Colorado was still a Territory, and was named after Colonel William Gilpin, the first Governor of the Territory of Colorado.

Gilpin County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

1904 Clason Map or View of the Gilpin Colorado Gold and Mineral Belt - Geographicus - GilpinCountyColorado-clason-1904
1904 broadside bird's eye view or map of Gilpin County, Colorado, issued by the Gilpin County Chamber of Commerce and the Colorado map publisher George Samuel Clason in 1904

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 150 square miles (390 km2), of which 150 square miles (390 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the second-smallest county by area in Colorado.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Arapaho National Forest
  • James Peak Wilderness
  • Roosevelt National Forest

State protected area

  • Golden Gate Canyon State Park

Scenic trail and byway

  • Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
  • Peak to Peak Scenic and Historic Byway

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,490
1880 6,489 18.2%
1890 5,867 −9.6%
1900 6,690 14.0%
1910 4,131 −38.3%
1920 1,364 −67.0%
1930 1,212 −11.1%
1940 1,625 34.1%
1950 850 −47.7%
1960 685 −19.4%
1970 1,272 85.7%
1980 2,441 91.9%
1990 3,070 25.8%
2000 4,757 55.0%
2010 5,441 14.4%
Est. 2015 5,828 7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,757 people, 2,043 households, and 1,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 2,929 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.37% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,043 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.10% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 37.40% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,942, and the median income for a family was $61,859. Males had a median income of $38,560 versus $30,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,148. About 1.00% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.40% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other

Historic district

  • Central City/Black Hawk Historic District

Gilpin County, Colorado Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.