kids encyclopedia robot

Glencoe, South Australia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Glencoe
South Australia
Population 665 (2011 census)
 • Density 14.78/km2 (38.3/sq mi)
Established 1844
Postcode(s) 5291
Elevation 102 m (335 ft)
Area 45 km2 (17.4 sq mi)
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10:30)
Location
LGA(s) Wattle Range Council
Region Limestone Coast
County Grey
State electorate(s) MacKillop
Federal Division(s) Barker
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.9 °C
66 °F
8.1 °C
47 °F
850 mm
33.5 in
Localities around Glencoe:
Mount McIntyre Koorine Wepar
Tantanoola Glencoe Dismal Swamp
Burrungule Wandilo, Mount Gambier

Glencoe is a small town in South Australia, Australia located approximately 25 km west of Mount Gambier. In its heyday the township was divided into Glencoe and Glencoe West.

History

First established in 1844 by Edward and Robert Leake as a sheep station, the Leake brothers named the settlement after Glen Coe, Scotland where the infamous massacre took place in 1692. Originally from Tasmania, they brought with them the Saxon Merino sheep and in 1863 built the extensive Glencoe Woolshed, which still stands today as it was and now serves as a museum. The historic Glencoe Woolshed and Glencoe Station Stables and Coach House are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.

A branch from the Mount Gambier railway line was built to Glencoe in 1904 to service the cheese factory. This branch closed in the 1950s when the main line was converted from narrow to broad gauge.

Lake Leake

Lake Leake, an extinct volcanic crater associated with the Newer Volcanics Province, formed when rising red-hot molten rock encountered water in the limestone plain. Massive steam-driven explosions blew rock and lava high into the air. Powdered rock (ash)and rocks fell back to form a low rim around a wide flat crater - a part of which remains today. Lake Leake and the nearby Lake Edward, are unique in the Mount Burr Range. They perch above the regions water table and are filled by rainwater and run-off only. Pollen spores collected from lake sediment indicate that the volcanic activity occurred here much earlier than 20,000 years ago.

kids search engine
Glencoe, South Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.