List of Governors of Georgia facts for kids

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Governor of Georgia
Seal of Georgia.svg
Great Seal of the State of Georgia
Governor Kemp Official Portrait.jpeg
Incumbent
Brian Kemp

since January 14, 2019
Residence Georgia Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Archibald Bulloch
Formation July 12, 1775
Salary $139,339 (2013)

The Governor of Georgia is the head of the executive branch of Georgia's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor also has a duty to enforce state laws, the power to either veto or approve bills passed by the Georgia Legislature, and the power to convene the legislature.

The current governor is Republican Brian Kemp who assumed office on January 14, 2019.

Governors

Georgia was one of the original Thirteen Colonies and ratified the Constitution of the United States on January 2, 1788. Before it declared its independence, Georgia was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Like most early states, Georgia had claims to western areas, but did not cede its claims during the formation of the country like the other states. It sold this area, the Yazoo Lands, to the federal government on April 24, 1802, when it was assigned to Mississippi Territory.

In Georgia's Rules and Regulations of 1776, considered by some to be the first constitution, the chief executive was a president chosen by the legislature every six months. This was quickly superseded by the 1777 constitution, which called for a governor to be chosen by the legislature each year, with a term limited to one year out of every three. In the event of a vacancy, the president of the executive council acted as governor. The governor's term was lengthened to two years in the 1789 constitution. The 1798 constitution modified succession so that the president of the senate would act as governor should that office become vacant. An 1818 amendment to that constitution extended the line of succession to the speaker of the house, and an 1824 amendment provided for popular election of the governor.

While the 1861 secessionist constitution kept the office the same, the other constitutions surrounding the American Civil War brought lots of changes. The 1865 constitution, following Georgia's surrender, limited governors to two consecutive terms of two years each, allowing them to serve again after a gap of four years. The Reconstruction constitution of 1868 increased the governor's term to four years. The 1877 constitution, after local rule was re-established, returned the office to the provisions of the 1865 constitution. An amendment in 1941 lengthened terms to 4 years, but governors could no longer succeed themselves, having to wait four years to serve again. The constitution does not specify when terms start, only that the governor is installed at the next session of the General Assembly.

The 1945 constitution provided for a lieutenant governor, to serve the same term as governor and to act as governor if that office became vacant. Should it become vacant within 30 days of the next general election, or if the governor's term would have ended within 90 days of the next election, the lieutenant governor acts out the term; otherwise, a successor is chosen in the next general election. This was retained in the 1976 constitution. The current constitution of 1983 allows governors to succeed themselves once before having to wait four years to serve again, and lieutenant governors now become governor in the event of a vacancy. Should the office of lieutenant governor be vacant, the speaker of the house acts as governor, and a special election to fill the office must happen in 90 days.

The revolutionary government was thrown into disarray by the Capture of Savannah in 1778, which led to two governments with varying levels of influence; they would reunite in 1780. This article relies on the Official and Statistical Register of Georgia, which ignores the Council of Safety of William Ewen in favor of Archibald Bulloch's government, and omits the government of William Glascock and Seth John Cuthbert.

Governors of the State of Georgia
No. Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor
7 Archibald Bulloch 1.jpg   Archibald Bulloch 01776-01-22January 22, 1776

February 22, 1777
(died in office)
None Office did not exist
8 Button Gwinnett.jpg Button Gwinnett 01777-03-04March 4, 1777

May 8, 1777
None
9 John Adam Treutlen.jpg John A. Treutlen 01777-05-08May 8, 1777

January 10, 1778
None
10 John Houstoun 01778-01-10January 10, 1778

December 29, 1778
None
Vacant 01778-12-29December 29, 1778

August 6, 1779
Government in
chaos after fall
of Savannah
11   John Wereat 01779-08-06August 6, 1779

November 1779
None
12 George Walton.jpg George Walton 01779-11 November 1779

January 4, 1780
None
13 Richard Howly 01780-01-04January 4, 1780

February 5, 1780
(resigned)
None
14 Stephen Heard.jpg Stephen Heard 01780-02-18February 18, 1780

August 18, 1781
None
15 Nathan Brownson 01781-08-18August 18, 1781

January 3, 1782
(term limited)
None 1781
16 John Martin 01782-01-03January 3, 1782

January 8, 1783
(term limited)
None 1782
17 Lyman Hall.jpg Lyman Hall 01783-01-08January 8, 1783

January 9, 1784
(term limited)
None 1783
10 John Houstoun 01784-01-09January 9, 1784

January 6, 1785
(term limited)
None 1784
18 SamuelElbert01.jpg Samuel Elbert 01785-01-06January 6, 1785

January 9, 1786
(term limited)
None 1785
19 Edward Telfair 01786-01-09January 9, 1786

January 9, 1787
(term limited)
None 1786
20 George Mathews from The Nation Makers by Howard Pyle.jpg George Mathews 01787-01-09January 9, 1787

January 26, 1788
(term limited)
None 1787
21 George Handley 01788-01-26January 26, 1788

January 7, 1789
(term limited)
None 1788
12 George Walton.jpg George Walton 01789-01-07January 7, 1789

November 9, 1789
(term limited)
Democratic-
Republican
Jan. 1789
19 Edward Telfair 01789-11-09November 9, 1789

November 7, 1793
(lost election)
Democratic-
Republican
Nov. 1789
1791
20 George Mathews from The Nation Makers by Howard Pyle.jpg George Mathews 01793-11-07November 7, 1793

January 15, 1796
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1793
22 Jared Irwin.jpg Jared Irwin 01796-01-15January 15, 1796

January 12, 1798
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1795
23 JamesJackson.jpg James Jackson 01798-01-12January 12, 1798

March 3, 1801
(resigned)
Democratic-
Republican
1797
1799
24 David Emanuel 01801-03-03March 3, 1801

November 7, 1801
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
25 Josiah Tattnall 01801-11-07November 7, 1801

November 4, 1802
(resigned)
Democratic-
Republican
1801
26 Milledge.jpg John Milledge 01802-11-04November 4, 1802

September 23, 1806
(resigned)
Democratic-
Republican
1802
(special)
1803
1805
22 Jared Irwin.jpg Jared Irwin 01806-09-23September 23, 1806

November 10, 1809
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
1807
27 Davidbrydiemitchell.jpg David Brydie Mitchell 01809-11-10November 10, 1809

November 5, 1813
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1809
1811
28 GovernorPeterEarly.jpg Peter Early 01813-11-05November 5, 1813

November 20, 1815
(lost election)
Democratic-
Republican
1813
27 Davidbrydiemitchell.jpg David Brydie Mitchell 01815-11-20November 20, 1815

March 4, 1817
(resigned)
Democratic-
Republican
1815
29 William Rabun 01817-03-04March 4, 1817

October 24, 1819
(died in office)
Democratic-
Republican
Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
1817
30 Matthew Talbot.jpg Matthew Talbot 01819-10-24October 24, 1819

November 5, 1819
(successor took office)
Democratic-
Republican
Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
31 John Clark.jpg John Clark 01819-11-05November 5, 1819

November 7, 1823
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1819
1821
32 George M. Troup.jpg George Troup 01823-11-07November 7, 1823

November 7, 1827
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1823
1825
33 JohnForsythSoS11.jpg John Forsyth 01827-11-07November 7, 1827

November 4, 1829
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1827
34 George Rockingham Gilmer.jpg George Rockingham Gilmer 01829-11-04November 4, 1829

November 9, 1831
(not candidate for election)
Democratic-
Republican
1829
35 Wilson Lumpkin.jpg Wilson Lumpkin 01831-11-09November 9, 1831

November 4, 1835
(not candidate for election)
Union (Democratic) 1831
1833
36 William Schley.jpg William Schley 01835-11-04November 4, 1835

November 8, 1837
(not candidate for election)
Union (Democratic) 1835
34 George Rockingham Gilmer.jpg George Rockingham Gilmer 01837-11-08November 8, 1837

November 6, 1839
(not candidate for election)
State Rights (Whig) 1837
37 CharlesJamesMcDonald.jpg Charles James McDonald 01839-11-06November 6, 1839

November 8, 1843
(not candidate for election)
Union (Democratic) 1839
1841
38 GeorgeWCrawford.jpg George W. Crawford 01843-11-08November 8, 1843

November 3, 1847
(not candidate for election)
Whig 1843
1845
39 GeorgeWashTowns.jpg George W. Towns 01847-11-03November 3, 1847

November 5, 1851
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1847
1849
40 Howell Cobb-crop.jpg Howell Cobb 01851-11-05November 5, 1851

November 9, 1853
(not candidate for election)
Constitutional Union 1851
41 Herschel V. Johnson cph.3a02862.jpg Herschel Vespasian Johnson 01853-11-09November 9, 1853

November 6, 1857
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1853
1855
42 Joseph Emerson Brown.jpg Joseph E. Brown 01857-11-06November 6, 1857

June 17, 1865
(resigned)
Democratic 1857
1859
1861
1863
43 JJohnson Governor.jpg James Johnson 01865-06-17June 17, 1865

December 14, 1865
(provisional term ended)
Democratic Provisional
governor
appointed by
President
44 CharJenkins.jpg Charles J. Jenkins 01865-12-14December 14, 1865

January 13, 1868
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1865
45 Thomas H. Ruger.jpg Thomas H. Ruger 01868-01-13January 13, 1868

July 4, 1868
(state readmitted)
Military
occupation
46 Rufus Bullock - Brady-Handy.jpg Rufus Bullock 01868-07-04July 4, 1868

October 30, 1871
(resigned)
Republican 1868
47 Benjamin Conley.jpg Benjamin F. Conley 01871-10-30October 30, 1871

January 12, 1872
Republican President of
the Senate
acting as
Governor
48 JamesMiltonSmith.jpg James Milton Smith 01872-01-12January 12, 1872

January 12, 1877
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1871
(special)
1872
49 Alfred Holt Colquitt.jpg Alfred H. Colquitt 01877-01-12January 12, 1877

November 4, 1882
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1876
1880
50 Alexander Stephens.jpg Alexander H. Stephens 01882-11-04November 4, 1882

March 4, 1883
(died in office)
Democratic 1882
51 James S. Boynton.jpg James S. Boynton 01883-03-04March 4, 1883

May 10, 1883
(not candidate for election)
Democratic President of
the Senate
acting as
Governor
52 HenryDickersonMcDaniel.jpg Henry Dickerson McDaniel 01883-05-10May 10, 1883

November 9, 1886
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1883
(special)
1884
53 Jbgordon.jpg John Brown Gordon 01886-11-09November 9, 1886

November 8, 1890
(term limited)
Democratic 1886
1888
54 William J. Northen.jpg William J. Northen 01890-11-08November 8, 1890

October 27, 1894
(term limited)
Democratic 1890
1892
55 William Yates Atkinson.jpg William Yates Atkinson 01894-10-27October 27, 1894

October 29, 1898
(term limited)
Democratic 1894
1896
56 Allen D. Candler.jpg Allen D. Candler 01898-10-29October 29, 1898

October 25, 1902
(term limited)
Democratic 1898
1900
57 JosephMTerrell.jpg Joseph M. Terrell 01902-10-25October 25, 1902

June 29, 1907
(term limited)
Democratic 1902
1904
58 M. Hoke Smith, 1912.jpg M. Hoke Smith 01907-06-29June 29, 1907

June 26, 1909
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1906
59 JosephMacBrown.jpg Joseph Mackey Brown 01909-06-26June 26, 1909

July 1, 1911
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1908
58 M. Hoke Smith, 1912.jpg M. Hoke Smith 01911-07-01July 1, 1911

November 15, 1911
(resigned)
Democratic 1910
60 John Marshall Slaton.jpg John M. Slaton 01911-11-16November 16, 1911

January 25, 1912
(not candidate for election)
Democratic President of
the Senate
acting as
Governor
59 JosephMacBrown.jpg Joseph Mackey Brown 01912-01-25January 25, 1912

June 28, 1913
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1912
(special)
60 John Marshall Slaton.jpg John M. Slaton 01913-06-28June 28, 1913

June 26, 1915
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1912
61 Nathaniel Harris 1882.png Nathaniel Edwin Harris 01915-06-26June 26, 1915

June 30, 1917
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1914
62 Hugh Dorsey.jpg Hugh Dorsey 01917-06-30June 30, 1917

June 25, 1921
(term limited)
Democratic 1916
1918
63 Senator Thomas Hardwick.jpg Thomas W. Hardwick 01921-06-25June 25, 1921

June 30, 1923
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1920
64 GovernorCliffWalker.jpg Clifford Walker 01923-06-30June 30, 1923

June 25, 1927
(term limited)
Democratic 1922
1924
65 Hardman222.jpg Lamartine Griffin Hardman 01927-06-25June 25, 1927

June 27, 1931
(term limited)
Democratic 1926
1928
66 Richard RussellJr.jpg Richard Russell Jr. 01931-06-27June 27, 1931

January 10, 1933
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1930
67 Eugene Talmadge, Georgia Governor.jpg Eugene Talmadge 01933-01-10January 10, 1933

January 12, 1937
(term limited)
Democratic 1932
1934
68 E. D. Rivers Georgia Governor.jpg Eurith D. Rivers 01937-01-12January 12, 1937

January 14, 1941
(term limited)
Democratic 1936
1938
67 Eugene Talmadge, Georgia Governor.jpg Eugene Talmadge 01941-01-14January 14, 1941

January 12, 1943
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1940
69 Ellis Arnall 01943-01-12January 12, 1943

January 14, 1947
(term limited)
Democratic 1942
Eugene Talmadge, Georgia Governor.jpg Eugene Talmadge Died before taking office Democratic 1946   Melvin E. Thompson
HermanTalmadge.jpg Herman Talmadge 01947-01-14January 14, 1947

March 18, 1947
(removed from office)
Democratic
70 Melvin E. Thompson 01947-03-18March 18, 1947

November 17, 1948
(lost election)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
71 HermanTalmadge.jpg Herman Talmadge 01948-11-17November 17, 1948

January 11, 1955
(term limited)
Democratic 1948
(special)
Marvin Griffin
1950
72 Marvingriffin.gif Marvin Griffin 01955-01-11January 11, 1955

January 13, 1959
(term limited)
Democratic 1954 Ernest Vandiver
73 Ernest Vandiver (1962).jpg Ernest Vandiver 01959-01-13January 13, 1959

January 15, 1963
(term limited)
Democratic 1958 Garland T. Byrd
74 Carl Sanders.jpg Carl Sanders 01963-01-15January 15, 1963

January 11, 1967
(term limited)
Democratic 1962 Peter Zack Geer
75 Lester Maddox.jpg Lester Maddox 01967-01-11January 11, 1967

January 12, 1971
(term limited)
Democratic 1966 George T. Smith
76 Jimmy Carter official portrait as Governor.jpg Jimmy Carter 01971-01-12January 12, 1971

January 14, 1975
(term limited)
Democratic 1970 Lester Maddox
77 George Busbee.jpg George Busbee 01975-01-14January 14, 1975

January 11, 1983
(term limited)
Democratic 1974 Zell Miller
1978
78 Joe Frank Harris.jpg Joe Frank Harris 01983-01-11January 11, 1983

January 14, 1991
(term limited)
Democratic 1982
1986
79 Zell B Miller.jpg Zell Miller 01991-01-14January 14, 1991

January 11, 1999
(term limited)
Democratic 1990 Pierre Howard
1994
80 Governor Roy Barnes.jpg Roy Barnes 01999-01-11January 11, 1999

January 13, 2003
(lost election)
Democratic 1998 Mark Taylor
81 Sonny Perdue at rally.jpg Sonny Perdue 02003-01-13January 13, 2003

January 10, 2011
(term limited)
Republican 2002
2006 Casey Cagle
82 Nathan Deal, official 110th Congress photo.jpg Nathan Deal 02011-01-10January 10, 2011

January 14, 2019
(term limited)
Republican 2010
2014
83 David Perdue and Brian Kemp (cropped).jpg Brian Kemp 02019-01-14January 14, 2019

present
Republican 2018 Geoff Duncan

List of Governors of Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.