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Grand Junction, Tennessee
Location of Grand Junction in Fayette County, Tennessee.
Location of Grand Junction in Fayette County, Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Hardeman, Fayette
Founded 1854
 • Type Board of Aldermen
 • Total 1.19 sq mi (3.07 km2)
 • Land 1.19 sq mi (3.07 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
571 ft (174 m)
 • Total 325
 • Estimate 
 • Density 228.31/sq mi (88.15/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 731, 901
FIPS code 47-30280
GNIS feature ID 1285817

Grand Junction is a city between the border of Hardeman and Fayette County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 325 at the 2010 census, and was estimated to be 303 in 2015.

It has been called the "Bird Dog Capital of the World" and serves as the location of the National Bird Dog Museum.


Main Street scene - NARA - 280203
Grand Junction in 1940

Grand Junction was founded in 1858. It was named after the "Grand Junction" of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad and the Mississippi Central Railroad. The town was a railroad town, with its own newspaper, two saloons, three hotels, a livery stable, and other businesses. During the Civil War, the Union Army held the city for approximately three years. In 1878 a yellow fever epidemic struck the town and killed more than half of the 150 residents. The town was incorporated in 1901.


Grand Junction is located in southwestern Hardeman County at 35°2′53″N 89°11′25″W / 35.04806°N 89.19028°W / 35.04806; -89.19028 (35.048023, -89.190177). A small portion of the town extends west into Fayette County. Tennessee State Route 57 runs through the city, leading east 17 miles (27 km) to Middleton and west 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to La Grange. Collierville, on the outskirts of the Memphis suburbs, is 28 miles (45 km) to the west on TN 57. Tennessee State Route 18 runs past the western edge of Grand Junction, leading northeast 19 miles (31 km) to Bolivar and southwest 4 miles (6.4 km) to the Mississippi border, beyond which Mississippi Highway 7 continues southwest 20 miles (32 km) to Holly Springs. Tennessee State Route 368 is a local highway that runs through downtown Grand Junction.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 311
1870 460 47.9%
1880 467 1.5%
1900 393
1910 491 24.9%
1920 497 1.2%
1930 524 5.4%
1940 560 6.9%
1950 477 −14.8%
1960 446 −6.5%
1970 427 −4.3%
1980 360 −15.7%
1990 365 1.4%
2000 301 −17.5%
2010 325 8.0%
2019 (est.) 271 −16.6%

As of the census of 2000, there were 301 people, 125 households, and 86 families residing in the city. The population density was 255.4 people per square mile (98.5/km2). There were 142 housing units at an average density of 120.5 per square mile (46.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 58.47% White, 40.53% African American, 0.33% Native American, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

There were 125 households, out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,306, and the median income for a family was $36,375. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $20,469 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,304. About 8.4% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 7.4% of those 65 or over. Most of those below the poverty line receive federal aid.


Grand Junction has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are persistently hot and humid due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico, with afternoon temperatures frequently above 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early autumn is drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October. Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Fall foliage becomes especially vibrant after the first frost, typically early November, and lasts until early December. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur. Mild spells sometimes occur January and February. Snowfall is not abundant but does occur during most winters, with one or two major winter weather events occurring by the end of March. Spring often begins in late February or early March, following the onset of a sharp warmup. This season is also known as "severe weather season" due to the higher frequency of tornadoes, hail, and thunderstorms producing winds greater than 58 mph (93 km/h). Average rainfall is slightly higher during the spring months than the rest of the year. Historically, April is the month with the highest frequency of tornadoes, though tornadoes have occurred every month of the year. Grand Junction-area historical tornado activity is above Tennessee state average, and 155% greater than the overall U.S. average. Grand Junction is sunny about 62.5% of the time.

Arts and culture

The National Bird Dog Museum (NBDM) is located in Grand Junction, as is the Field Trial Hall of Fame and Wildlife Heritage Center, which shares space with the NBDM. The location of the NBDM and the history of the area in regards to hunting has earned the town the title of the "Bird Dog Capital of the World". Ames Plantation, the former home of Hobart Ames, is also located in the area. The town is also home to the National Field Trial Championships, which are held at Ames Plantation. Grand Junction's library, the Bobby Martindale Memorial Library, serves area residents and consists of 1 staff member and volunteers. As of 2011, over 1,380 patrons visited the library, checking out items over 3,300 times. The Wilder Community Center serves as a community hall and senior center. Grand Junction also has one of the oldest and most active Ruritan clubs in Tennessee.

Annual events

A Christmas parade is held each year with a tree-lighting ceremony, as well the annual community fish fry hosted by the Local Chapter of the Ruritan. It is held the 1st Saturday in October each year and draws from several counties. There is also an annual BBQ Cookoff contest help each year in April that draws a large crowd and plenty of contestants vying for the "Golden Pig".

Other notable landmarks

Many of the original buildings are still maintained within Grand Junction. Rogers and Sons Marble Works, established in 1879, is still standing and the old railroad depot still exists. N.T. Richardson's General Merchandise Store is still standing and stocked from when it finally closed, which was run by N.T. Richardson until his death at 104 years old. The local City Park now serves as the site of the annual community fish fry.


A. Schulman has a manufacturing facility in Grand Junction. The town has many small local businesses, including a clothing boutique, antique shops, two local banks, several quick-marts a Dollar General store and a Family Dollar store.


Grand Junction has one elementary school, Grand Junction Elementary School, as well as a Head Start Program. There is also a newly renovated local library with meeting areas for different events.


Major thoroughfares

  • State Route 57
  • State Route 18
  • State Route 368


Grand Junction provides a number of services to their population. The Grand Junction Post Office provides mail services and the Bolivar Electric Company and Hardeman/Fayette Utility Dist. provides electricity and gas, respectively. The city handles waste disposal, sewage and water needs. Comcast provides cable services, internet and phone services and AT&T, landline phone service, internet and television services.

Notable people

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