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Greencastle, Missouri
Location of Greencastle, Missouri
Location of Greencastle, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Sullivan
Area
 • Total 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Land 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 275
 • Estimate 
(2012)
267
 • Density 611.1/sq mi (235.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63544
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-29116

Greencastle is a city in Sullivan County, Missouri, United States. The population was 275 at the 2010 census.

History

The plat for Greencastle was surveyed on March 12, 1857 at the behest of Victor Doze, Marion Overstreet, E.E. Prindle, I.E. Wood, and M.P. Wood. It consisted of six full blocks and eight half blocks with each block containing eight lots. The area had been inhabited for some time prior to 1857 however, with the first permanent home built on the present site of Greencastle by Marion Sanders around 1853. Additionally the Greencastle Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in 1845 and held services just south of the towns later platted [sic?] location.

The Greencastle post office was established in 1857 with I.E. Wood as first postmaster, followed a short time later by the opening of the new towns' first general store. Greencastle's first grist mill was built in 1879 and a newspaper, the Greencastle Independence began publication in 1881. It was also in 1881 that Greencastle was finally incorporated on August 8, 1881. A depot for the Quincy, Missouri & Pacific railroad was built in 1883. A creamery was established in 1885 and produced an average of 1,500 pounds of butter per week. .

GreencastleMO1
Part of the Greencastle business district in the 1890s.

Geography

Greencastle is located at 40°15′42″N 92°52′47″W / 40.26167°N 92.87972°W / 40.26167; -92.87972 (40.261562, -92.879657). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.45 square miles (1.17 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 191
1890 267 39.8%
1900 390 46.1%
1910 454 16.4%
1920 487 7.3%
1930 376 −22.8%
1940 342 −9.0%
1950 287 −16.1%
1960 250 −12.9%
1970 235 −6.0%
1980 285 21.3%
1990 254 −10.9%
2000 308 21.3%
2010 275 −10.7%
Est. 2015 255 −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 275 people, 123 households, and 71 families residing in the city. The population density was 611.1 inhabitants per square mile (235.9/km2). There were 147 housing units at an average density of 326.7 per square mile (126.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.6% White and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 123 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 44.1 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 308 people, 133 households, and 75 families residing in the city. The population density was 673.4 people per square mile (258.5/km²). There were 148 housing units at an average density of 323.6/sq mi (124.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.68% White and 0.32% Native American.

There were 133 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were non-families. 40.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,500, and the median income for a family was $23,438. Males had a median income of $21,042 versus $18,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,369. About 19.5% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 33.3% of those sixty five or over.

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