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Greenville, Missouri
Location of Greenville, Missouri
Location of Greenville, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Wayne
Area
 • Total 0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)
 • Land 0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
407 ft (124 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 511
 • Estimate 
(2012)
492
 • Density 751.5/sq mi (290.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63944
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-29476
GNIS feature ID 0750153

Greenville is a small city located on U.S. Highway 67 near the intersection with Route D and E in Wayne County, Missouri in the United States along the St. Francis River. The population was 511 at the 2010 census. Greenville was incorporated and founded as the county seat of Wayne County in 1819.

History

Greenville was named after Fort Greene Ville (now Greenville), Ohio, the site where General Anthony Wayne signed a treaty with the Native Americans after defeating them in the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. This was the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. Wayne County was named for this military hero and Greenville was named for the place he was most famous for. Incidentally, Fort Greene Ville, Ohio, was named after Nathaniel Greene, a friend of Wayne.

In 1826, Greenville flooded. On August 10, 1832, the first post office opened. Confederate Brigadier General William J. Hardee and officers Patrick Cleburne, Thomas C. Hindman, and Basil W. Duke along with about 800 men were stationed close to Greenville near the outset of the Civil War until they began to retreat to Randolph County, Arkansas on August 28, 1861. Greenville was incorporated as a village on February 23, 1893. Several years later in 1941, the village was relocated two miles to the north after the construction of Lake Wappapello.

Old Greenville (23WE637) was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

Geography

Greenville is located on the edge of the Ozark Mountains situated in a hilly forested landscape. U.S. Route 67 passes through Greenville. The coordinates are 37°7′38″N 90°26′54″W / 37.12722°N 90.44833°W / 37.12722; -90.44833 (37.127302, -90.448471). The next-largest city with more shopping venues and a cinema is Poplar Bluff, which lies ca. 30 miles south of Greenville via Route 67. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.68 square miles (1.76 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,051
1910 914 −13.0%
1920 614 −32.8%
1930 506 −17.6%
1940 572 13.0%
1950 270 −52.8%
1960 282 4.4%
1970 328 16.3%
1980 393 19.8%
1990 437 11.2%
2000 451 3.2%
2010 511 13.3%
Est. 2015 490 −4.1%
source:

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 511 people, 192 households, and 121 families residing in the city. The population density was 751.5 inhabitants per square mile (290.2/km2). There were 234 housing units at an average density of 344.1 per square mile (132.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

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