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Greenville, Missouri
Location of Greenville, Missouri
Location of Greenville, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Wayne
 • Total 0.68 sq mi (1.75 km2)
 • Land 0.68 sq mi (1.75 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
407 ft (124 m)
 • Total 443
 • Estimate 
 • Density 685.93/sq mi (264.92/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-29476
GNIS feature ID 750153

Greenville is a city located on U.S. Route 67 near the intersection with Route D and E in Wayne County, Missouri, United States, along the St. Francis River. The population was 443 at the 2020 census. Greenville was incorporated and founded as the county seat of Wayne County in 1819.


Greenville was named after Fort Greene Ville (now Greenville), Ohio, the site where General Anthony Wayne signed a treaty with the Native Americans after defeating them in the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. This was the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. Wayne County was named for this military hero and Greenville was named for the place he was most famous for. Incidentally, Fort Greene Ville, Ohio, was named after Nathaniel Greene, a friend of Wayne.

In 1826, Greenville flooded. On August 10, 1832, the first post office opened. Confederate Brigadier General William J. Hardee and officers Patrick Cleburne, Thomas C. Hindman, and Basil W. Duke along with about 800 men were stationed close to Greenville near the outset of the Civil War until they began to retreat to Randolph County, Arkansas on August 28, 1861. Greenville was incorporated as a village on February 23, 1893. Several years later in 1941, the village was relocated two miles to the north after the construction of Lake Wappapello.

Old Greenville (23WE637) was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.


Greenville is located on the edge of the Ozark Mountains situated in a hilly forested landscape. U.S. Route 67 passes through Greenville. The coordinates are 37°7′38″N 90°26′54″W / 37.12722°N 90.44833°W / 37.12722; -90.44833 (37.127302, -90.448471). The next-largest city with more shopping venues and a cinema is Poplar Bluff, which lies ca. 30 miles south of Greenville via Route 67. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.68 square miles (1.76 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 100
1900 1,051
1910 914 −13.0%
1920 614 −32.8%
1930 506 −17.6%
1940 572 13.0%
1950 270 −52.8%
1960 282 4.4%
1970 328 16.3%
1980 393 19.8%
1990 437 11.2%
2000 451 3.2%
2010 511 13.3%
2019 (est.) 463 −9.4%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 511 people, 192 households, and 121 families living in the city. The population density was 751.5 inhabitants per square mile (290.2/km2). There were 234 housing units at an average density of 344.1 per square mile (132.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 192 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 45.9 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 24.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.


The Greenville R-2 School District runs throughout most of eastern Wayne County. There are two elementary schools—Greenville Elementary School and Williamsville Elementary School located in the nearby town of Williamsville for pre-kindergarten through sixth-grade students. Greenville Jr. High School (grades 7–8) and Greenville High School (grades 9-12) compose the remainder of the district. There are 762 students and 57 teachers in grades K-12 in the district. The school colors are red and black and its mascot is the bear. School athletics consist of boys' and girls' basketball, girls' volleyball, boys' baseball, girls' softball, and cheerleading.

For adults aged 25 and older in Greenville, 26.7% possess a high school diploma or GED as their highest educational attainment and 5.5% possess a bachelor's degree or higher educational degree while 2.4% of the population possesses a post-graduate or professional degree.

Notable person

  • Nelson McDowell (1870–1947), actor who appeared in over 175 films
Women's History Month on Kiddle
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