Hancock County, Tennessee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hancock County, Tennessee
Map

Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1844
Seat Sneedville
Largest town Sneedville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

223 sq mi (578 km²)
222 sq mi (575 km²)
1.2 sq mi (3 km²), 0.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,819
31/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.hancockcountytn.com
Named for: John Hancock

Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,819, making it the fourth-least populous county in Tennessee. Its county seat is Sneedville.

History

Hancock County was created from parts of Hawkins and Claiborne counties. The act establishing the county was passed by the state legislature in 1844, but several Hawkins residents sued to block its creation. In 1848, the Tennessee Supreme Court ruled in favor of the new county. The county seat, Sneedville, was named in honor of attorney William H. Sneed, who represented the county in the court case. The county was named for Revolutionary War patriot John Hancock.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 223 square miles (580 km2), of which 222 square miles (570 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Kyles Ford Wildlife Management Area (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,660
1860 7,020 24.0%
1870 7,148 1.8%
1880 9,098 27.3%
1890 10,342 13.7%
1900 11,147 7.8%
1910 10,778 −3.3%
1920 10,454 −3.0%
1930 9,673 −7.5%
1940 11,231 16.1%
1950 9,116 −18.8%
1960 7,757 −14.9%
1970 6,719 −13.4%
1980 6,887 2.5%
1990 6,739 −2.1%
2000 6,786 0.7%
2010 6,819 0.5%
Est. 2015 6,572 −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Hancock County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Hancock County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,819 people residing in the county. 98.0% were White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 0.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,786 people, 2,769 households, and 1,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 3,280 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.91% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,769 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $19,760, which was the lowest median household income of any county in Tennessee and the 27th lowest in the nation. The median income for a family was $25,372. Males had a median income of $23,150 versus $18,199 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,986. About 25.30% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.50% of those under age 18 and 30.70% of those age 65 or over.

Surnames

Most common surnames in Hancock County as of 2014, by order of incidence:

  • 1. Johnson
  • 2. Seal
  • 3. Collins
  • 4. Greene
  • 5. Trent
  • 6. Lawson
  • 7. Gibson
  • 8. Ramsey
  • 9. Hopkins
  • 10. Nichols

Culture

Hancock County is known particularly for its population of people of Melungeon ancestry, who are believed to be of mixed European, African, and Native American heritage. The Vardy Community School, which provided state-mandated education for Melungeon children in the early 20th century, is now a historic site located in the Newman's Ridge area.

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities


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