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Haynesville, Louisiana
Town
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Claiborne
Founded 1818
Area
 • Total 4.84 sq mi (12.53 km2)
 • Land 4.83 sq mi (12.50 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
367 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,039
 • Density 422.33/sq mi (163.06/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318
FIPS code 22-33525

Haynesville is a town in northern Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, United States, located just south of the Arkansas border. The population was 2,327 at the 2010 census.

Haynesville is known as the "Gateway to North Louisiana" and the "Butterfly Capital of Louisiana". Loice Kendrick-Lacy of Haynesville published Gardening To Attract Butterflies: The Beauty And The Beast (2012). Kendrick-Lacy begins with memories of her childhood, when she was introduced to butterflies by her grandmother.

History

Haynesville was settled in 1818. The community took the name "Haynesville" in 1843 from farmer Samuel Haynes of Georgia, who established Old Haynesville some two miles south of the present site of the town. In 1898, the whole town moved north to meet the railroad, now the Louisiana and Northwest Railroad.

Modern Haynesville was built on a 1920s petroleum boom, one of the largest in Louisiana. For a time, the population reached twenty thousand. The "old boom town" was constructed in what is called Baucum Spur. It consisted of a hotel, restaurants, and saloons.

The Haynesville economy is supported still by oil as well as hunting, fishing, and timber, with considerable logging and pulpwood production in the area.

Haynesville has a variety of churches, including Baptist, United Methodist, Presbyterian, Missionary Baptist, Pentecostal, and Church of Christ.

Material on the history of Haynesville can be found at the Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum located across from the Claiborne Parish Courthouse in Homer.

Geography

Haynesville is located at 32°57′40″N 93°8′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806 (32.961132, -93.138091).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2), of which 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2) is land and 0.22% is water.

The most common soil is Eastwood series, which has 3 to 10 inches (76 to 254 mm) of brown very fine sandy loam over 20 inches (510 mm) of red clay. It supports a native forest vegetation of loblolly pine, shortleaf pine, southern red oak, American sweet gum and hickory.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 123
1910 663
1920 903 36.2%
1930 2,541 181.4%
1940 2,418 −4.8%
1950 3,040 25.7%
1960 3,031 −0.3%
1970 3,055 0.8%
1980 3,454 13.1%
1990 2,854 −17.4%
2000 2,679 −6.1%
2010 2,327 −13.1%
2020 2,039 −12.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Haynesville racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 679 33.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,233 60.47%
Native American 12 0.59%
Asian 2 0.1%
Other/Mixed 77 3.78%
Hispanic or Latino 36 1.77%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,039 people, 1,081 households, and 664 families residing in the town.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Haynesville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Photo gallery


Education

Haynesville, LA, High School IMG 0879
Haynesville Junior-Senior High School

The Claiborne Parish School Board operates Haynesville Elementary School and Haynesville Junior-Senior High School.

Notable people

  • Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer, born August 30, 1924
  • Demetric Evans, NFL football player (San Francisco 49ers)
  • Doug Evans, former NFL football player (Green Bay Packers; Super Bowl XXXI champion)
  • Frederick Douglass Kirkpatrick, musician known for his song "Everybody's Got a Right to Live," civil rights activist and co-founder of the Deacons for Defense and Justice, and minister in Louisiana and New York City
  • John Sidney Garrett, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives (1968–1972)
  • Jim Haynes (1933–2021), leading figure in British counter-culture
  • George H. Mahon, U.S. Representative from Texas's 19th congressional district from 1935 to 1979, was born in Mahon near Haynesville in 1900.
  • Danny Roy Moore (1925–c. 2020), Louisiana state senator from Claiborne and Bienville parishes from 1964 to 1968
  • Bob Odom, former Louisiana commissioner of Agriculture and Forestry
  • A. L. Williams, football coach at Fair Park High School, Woodlawn High School (both in Shreveport), Northwestern State University, and Louisiana Tech University; born in Haynesville in 1934; retired in Ruston
  • Iberia Beatrice Hampton (1922–2016) mother of Fred Hampton, American activist and chairman of the Illinois Chapter of the Black Panther Party
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