Hopetoun, Western Australia facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsHopetoun
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|Population||871 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||13 m (43 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Ravensthorpe|
Hopetoun is a town on the south coast of Western Australia in the Shire of Ravensthorpe. Located on Mary Ann Harbour, Hopetoun is 590 kilometres (370 mi) south-east from capital city Perth and 160 kilometres (99 mi) west of Esperance.
Mary Ann Harbour was named in November 1865 by the sealer James Sale on the cutter Mary Ann. The Mary Ann was owned by whaling master John Thomas of Cheyne's Beach, 65 kilometres (40 mi) east of Albany, who had named it after his eldest daughter.
Hopetoun was established in 1900 as the port servicing the Phillips River goldfield, named after the first Governor General of Australia, John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun. The townsite was gazetted on 9 February 1901.
It was the terminus of the railway line between Hopetoun and Ravensthorpe. The line opened in 1909.
The town became a shipping port for the mining industry, with a jetty built in 1901. The railway closed in 1925 and the port closed in 1936, with the jetty remaining until its destruction in 1983.
Some of the town's electricity is generated by a wind-diesel system. Hopetoun has two 600 kilowatt wind turbines and two low-load diesel generators.
There is a primary school, police station and a doctor has clinics in both Hopetoun and Ravensthorpe. Hopetoun also has a pub, bakery, IGA Supermarket, two cafes, a gift/souvenir shop, two hairdressers, two beauty salons and a hardware store. The population, in the 2011 Census, was 1,398. Hopetoun is a major site of accommodation for the Ravensthorpe lateritic nickel mine, east of the town of Ravensthorpe. Accommodation available at Hopetoun Motel & Chalets all year round and also caravan parks.
|Mary the Jewess|