Jaworzno facts for kids
Main Square in Jaworzno
|Motto: Jaworzno - źródło energii.
Jaworzno - the source of energy.
|• City||152.2 km2 (58.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||621.42/km2 (1,609.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||43-600 to 43-618|
|Area code(s)||+48 32|
Jaworzno is a city in southern Poland, near Katowice. It lies in the Silesian Highlands, on the Przemsza river (a tributary of the Vistula). Jaworzno belongs to the historic province of Lesser Poland. Jaworzno is populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 95,520 (2008).
The first mention of Jaworzno dates back to the 13th century. Historically linked with Lesser Poland, the area originally belonged to the bishops of Cracow. After Austria took over Malopolska (at the end of the 17th century) several coal mines were developed there. After the First World War it became Polish again.
During the Second World War SS-Lager Dachsgrube, a branch of the German concentration camp Auschwitz was established there. This was converted into Central Labour Camp Jaworzno after the war. It was also a location of several POW camps for the Western Allies.
Greens, forests, and undeveloped land constitute 60 percent of the town's area. Jaworzno has environmentally valuable areas which as a group present a broad range of landscapes and vegetation as well as a richness of flora and fauna. These include the Dolina Zabnika nature reserve, the Dobra Wilkoszyn landscape protection area, the Sasanka natural surface monument, Grodzisko hill, and Sosina lake. Within Jaworzno's boundaries there are 41 plant species under strict protection and 11 under partial protection.
Sport and culture
The city of Jaworzno has many sporting facilities at the Europe-wide level and offers a rich variety of educational and cultural activities. The city major arena, the Hala Widowiskowo-Sportowa, can seat 2,500 spectators. The Sosina water sports centre is the venue for the annual Polish water-skiing championships.
- Szczakowianka Jaworzno - football team (1st league 2002/2003)
- GKS Victoria Jaworzno - Poland's oldest miner's team.
- The Puma Youth Academy (Akademia Los Puma) - football team (Junior league 2012/2013)
Images for kids
Jaworzno Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.