Jaworzno facts for kids

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Jaworzno
Main Square in Jaworzno
Main Square in Jaworzno
Flag of Jaworzno
Flag
Coat of arms of Jaworzno
Coat of arms
Motto: Jaworzno - źródło energii.
Jaworzno - the source of energy.
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Established 1229
Town rights 1901
Area
 • City 152.2 km2 (58.8 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • City 94,580
 • Density 621.42/km2 (1,609.5/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-600 to 43-618
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SJ
Website http://www.jaworzno.pl/

Jaworzno is a city in southern Poland, near Katowice. It lies in the Silesian Highlands, on the Przemsza river (a tributary of the Vistula). Jaworzno belongs to the historic province of Lesser Poland. Jaworzno is populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 95,520 (2008).

History

Trójkąt Trzech Cesarzy
Jaworzno on the map from before 1914

The first mention of Jaworzno dates back to the 13th century. Historically linked with Lesser Poland, the area originally belonged to the bishops of Cracow. After Austria took over Malopolska (at the end of the 17th century) several coal mines were developed there. After the First World War it became Polish again.

During the Second World War SS-Lager Dachsgrube, a branch of the German concentration camp Auschwitz was established there. This was converted into Central Labour Camp Jaworzno after the war. It was also a location of several POW camps for the Western Allies.

Environment

Jaworzno-Sosina1
Sosina artificial lake

Greens, forests, and undeveloped land constitute 60 percent of the town's area. Jaworzno has environmentally valuable areas which as a group present a broad range of landscapes and vegetation as well as a richness of flora and fauna. These include the Dolina Zabnika nature reserve, the Dobra Wilkoszyn landscape protection area, the Sasanka natural surface monument, Grodzisko hill, and Sosina lake. Within Jaworzno's boundaries there are 41 plant species under strict protection and 11 under partial protection.

Sport and culture

Jaworzno-Hala Sportowa
Sports Hall

The city of Jaworzno has many sporting facilities at the Europe-wide level and offers a rich variety of educational and cultural activities. The city major arena, the Hala Widowiskowo-Sportowa, can seat 2,500 spectators. The Sosina water sports centre is the venue for the annual Polish water-skiing championships.

Football

  • Szczakowianka Jaworzno - football team (1st league 2002/2003)
  • GKS Victoria Jaworzno - Poland's oldest miner's team.
  • The Puma Youth Academy (Akademia Los Puma) - football team (Junior league 2012/2013)

Images for kids


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