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Silesia facts for kids

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Historical region
Flag of {{{official_name}}}
POL woj dolnoslaskie COA 2009.svg
Coat of arms
     Austrian Silesia,before 1740 Prussian annexation     Prussian Silesia, 1871     Oder riverBasemap shows modern national borders.
     Austrian Silesia,
before 1740 Prussian annexation
     Prussian Silesia, 1871     Oder riverBasemap shows modern national borders.
Largest city Wrocław
 • Total 40,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi)
 • Total c. 8,000,000
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Silesia (Polish: Śląsk; German: Schlesien; Latin: Silesia; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region of Poland. Between 17421945, it was the eastern part of Germany and was a Prussian province. In 1945, all of Poland country was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. In the following years, the occupant enacted laws that in effect chased away the remaining all of owners (communism).


Silesia is along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes mountains and the Carpathian Mountains.

The highest point of Silesia is the Śnieżka - in the Sudetes mountains.

Administrative region of Breslau, 1914


The largest cities of Silesia (Population of 1939):

Name Population
Wrocław 630,041
Katowice 127,044 (1931)
Zabrze 126,211
Gliwice 117,323
Chorzów 102,349 (1931)
Bytom 100,891
Zgorzelec 93,823
Legnica 83,701
Walbrzych 64,072
Opole 52,992
Racibórz 50,000

Other Cities are: Brzeg, Boleslawiec, Kozle, Zabkowice Slaskie, Klodzko, Głogów, Strzelce Opolskie, Zielona Gora, Zlotoryja, Jelenia Gora, Glubczyce, Nysa, Swidnica, Trzebnica

Famous people

There are many famous people who were born in Silesia:


Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Silesia para niños

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