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Fritz Haber
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Fritz Haber, c. 1919
Born (1868-12-09)9 December 1868
Breslau, Prussia
(now Wrocław, Poland)
Died 29 January 1934(1934-01-29) (aged 65)
Nationality German
Alma mater Heidelberg University
Humboldt University of Berlin
Technical University of Berlin
Known for Haber process
Born–Haber cycle
Haber–Weiss reaction
Chemical warfare
Second Battle of Ypres
Spouse(s) Clara Immerwahr (1901–1915; her death; 1 child)
Charlotte Nathan (1917–1927; divorced; 2 children)
Awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1918)
Rumford Medal (1932)

Iron Cross (1915)
Scientific career
Fields Physical chemistry
Institutions Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
University of Karlsruhe
Doctoral advisor Carl Theodore Liebermann

Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas. This invention is of importance for the large-scale synthesis of fertilizers and explosives. The food production for half the world's current population involves this method for producing nitrogen fertilizers. Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid.

Haber is also considered the "father of chemical warfare" for his years of pioneering work developing and weaponizing chlorine and other poisonous gases during World War I, especially his actions during the Second Battle of Ypres.

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