kids encyclopedia robot

Chaim Weizmann facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Chaim Weizmann
PikiWiki Israel 46060 Haim Weizman.jpg
1st President of Israel
In office
17 February 1949 – 9 November 1952
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
Preceded by Himself
(as Chairman of the Provisional State Council)
Succeeded by Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
2nd Chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel
In office
16 May 1948 – 17 February 1949
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
Preceded by David Ben-Gurion
Succeeded by Himself
(as President)
Personal details
Chaim Azriel Weizmann

(1874-11-27)27 November 1874
Motal, Russian Empire
(Now Belarus)
Died 9 November 1952(1952-11-09) (aged 77)
Rehovot, Israel
Nationality Israeli-British
Political party General Zionists
Spouse(s) Vera Weizmann
Relations Maria Weizmann (sister)
Anna Weizmann (sister)
Moshe Weizmann (brother)
Shmuel Weizmann (brother)
Minna Weizmann (sister)
Ezer Weizman (nephew)
  • Michael Oser Weizmann
  • Benyamin Weizmann
Alma mater Technical University of Darmstadt
Technical University of Berlin
University of Fribourg
Profession Biochemist
Chaim Weizmann Signature

Chaim Azriel Weizmann (27 November 1874 in Motal, Belarus – 9 November 1952 in Jerusalem) was the first President of Israel.

Weizmann came to the University of Manchester in 1904, where he lectured on chemistry. During World War I, the British forces needed to increase the production of artillery shells. The production was limited by a shortage of acetone, needed to produce cordite. Cordite was used to propel (fire) shells and bullets to their targets. Weizmann developed a production of acetone from the anaerobic fermentation of maize and horse chestnuts by bacteria. As a result, the production of shells rose from 500,000 in the first five months of the war to 16.4 million in 1915.

Weizmann was President of Israel from 1948, and he died in 1952. He had worked for years to get agreement for the Israel.

Published work

Images for kids

kids search engine
Chaim Weizmann Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.