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Faisal I of Iraq facts for kids

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Faisal I
فيصل الأول
1307109799 king-faisal-i-of-iraq-kopiya.jpg
Faisal in traditional dress
King of Iraq
Reign 23 August 1921 – 8 September 1933
Predecessor Military occupation
Successor Ghazi I
Prime Ministers
King of Syria
Reign 8 March 1920 – 24 July 1920
Predecessor Military occupation
Successor Monarchy abolished
Prime Ministers
Born (1885-05-20)20 May 1885
Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 8 September 1933(1933-09-08) (aged 48)
Bern, Switzerland
Burial Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah
Spouse Huzaima bint Nasser
Issue Princess Azza of Iraq
Princess Rajiha of Iraq
Princess Raifi'a of Iraq
King Ghazi I of Iraq
Full name
Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi
House Hashemite
Father Hussein bin Ali
Mother Abdiyah bint Abdullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Faisal I bin Al-Hussein bin Ali Al-Hashemi (Arabic: فيصل الأول بن الحسين بن علي الهاشمي , Fayṣal al-Awwal bin al-Ḥusayn bin 'Alī al-Hāshimī; 20 May 1885 – 8 September 1933) was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 23 August 1921 to 1933. He was the third son of Hussein bin Ali, the Grand Emir and Sharif of Mecca, who was proclaimed as King of the Arabs in June 1916. He was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad, as he belongs to the Hashemite family.

Faisal fostered unity between Sunni and Shiite Muslims to encourage common loyalty and promote pan-Arabism in the goal of creating an Arab state that would include Iraq, Syria and the rest of the Fertile Crescent. While in power, Faisal tried to diversify his administration by including different ethnic and religious groups in offices. However, Faisal's attempt at pan-Arab nationalism possibly contributed to the isolation of certain groups.

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